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北海道大学地球物理学研究報告 = Geophysical bulletin of Hokkaido University >
第69号 >

スラブ内地震の震源特性

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Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item:http://doi.org/10.14943/gbhu.69.123

Title: スラブ内地震の震源特性
Other Titles: Source Characteristics of Intraslab Earthquakes
Authors: 笹谷, 努1 Browse this author
森川, 信之2 Browse this author
前田, 宜浩3 Browse this author
Authors(alt): SASATANI, Tsutomu1
MORIKAWA, Nobuyuki2
MAEDA, Takahiro3
Issue Date: 15-Mar-2006
Publisher: 北海道大学大学院理学研究科地球惑星科学専攻(地球物理学)
Journal Title: 北海道大学地球物理学研究報告
Journal Title(alt): Geophysical bulletin of Hokkaido University
Volume: 69
Start Page: 123
End Page: 134
Abstract: We examine source characteristics of intraslab earthqakes based on the eleven source models estimated by the empirical Green’sfunction method. This method provides strong motion generation areas that reproduce near-source ground motions in a broadband period range(0.1~10sec). The storong motion generation areas roughly coincide with the asperity areas where stresses are largely released. Fault parameters of the asperity source model are outer fault parameters (entire source area and total seismic moment) and inner fault prameters (area of asperities,stress drop on each asperity and short-period level of the S-wave acceleration source spectrum). We find self-similar scaling of total seismic moment to the asperity areas. The number of asperities is one for Mw6 events,two to three for Mw7 events and five for Mw8 events. We also find self-similar scaling of total seismic moment to the short-period level of the S-wave acceleration source spectrum that is directly related to the asperity parameters (area of asperities and stress drop on each asperity ).Further we find that the aftershock area overestimates the entire source area.This means that estimation of the entire source area is somewhat difficult for intraslab earthquakes. Based on our results we propose a procedure for characterizing the source model for future intraslab earthquakes. Step 1:setting the total seismic moment (Mo), Step 2:setting the asperity areas (Sa) from the empirical relationship of Sa-Mo, Step 3: setting the short-period level (A) from the empirical relationship of A-Mo, Step 4: setting the number of asperities, Step 5: setting the stress drop (Δσ)on each asperity from the theoretical relation of A, Sa and Δσ, Step 6: setting the entire source area (S) from the theoretical relation of Mo, Sa, Δσ and S. The theoretical relations are derived from the multiple-asperity model.
Type: bulletin (article)
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/2115/21505
Appears in Collections:北海道大学地球物理学研究報告 = Geophysical bulletin of Hokkaido University > 第69号

Submitter: 笹谷 努

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