HUSCAP logo Hokkaido Univ. logo

Hokkaido University Collection of Scholarly and Academic Papers >
創成研究機構  >
雑誌発表論文等  >

Ancient DNA analysis of brown bear skulls from a ritual rock shelter site of the Ainu culture at Bihue, central Hokkaido, Japan

フルテキスト
AS114-3.pdf349.33 kBPDF見る/開く
この文献へのリンクには次のURLを使用してください:http://hdl.handle.net/2115/22529

タイトル: Ancient DNA analysis of brown bear skulls from a ritual rock shelter site of the Ainu culture at Bihue, central Hokkaido, Japan
著者: MASUDA, RYUICHI 著作を一覧する
TAMURA, TOSHIYUKI 著作を一覧する
TAKAHASHI, OSAMU 著作を一覧する
キーワード: DNA
brown bear
mitochondrial DNA
bear-sending ceremony
Ainu culture
発行日: 2006年12月
出版者: The Anthropological Society of Nippon
誌名: Anthropological Science
巻: 114
号: 3
開始ページ: 211
終了ページ: 215
出版社 DOI: 10.1537/ase.051219
抄録: Ancient DNA, sampled from ten brown bear (Ursus arctos) skulls excavated from a rock shelter site of the Ainu culture at Bihue, central Hokkaido, Japan, was analyzed. This ritual site (iwaya or siratcise), located in a mountainous area near the western coast of Lake Shikotsu, is considered to have been used for bear-sending ceremonies by the Ainu people at least until about 70 years ago. We identified four mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) haplotypes at Bihue, all of which were shared by the modern brown bears of Hokkaido. A previous study showed that three mtDNA lineages (groups A, B, and C) of modern brown bears are allopatrically distributed: group A in north-central Hokkaido, group B in eastern Hokkaido, and group C in southern Hokkaido. The ritual site of Bihue is located in the group C area. While one haplotype of group C was recovered from four of the Bihue skulls, three haplotypes of group A were recovered from six skulls. No haplotype of group B was found. The distribution of the four identified haplotypes at Bihue overlaps extensively with the area of the Ainu community called Shumukuru. These results indicate that, at the Bihue ritual site, the Ainu people probably performed bear-sending ceremonies that included skulls of bears that lived far from the Bihue area. This suggests that, earlier in the Ainu culture period (after the 17th century), the Bihue ritual site could have been used by multiple villages within an Ainu community, such as the Shumukuru, and/or that bear-hunting areas may have expanded from Bihue. This might have led to the promotion of cultural communication and unity among local villages via bear-sending ceremonies.
Relation (URI): http://www.jstage.jst.go.jp/
資料タイプ: article
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/2115/22529
出現コレクション:雑誌発表論文等 (Peer-reviewed Journal Articles, etc)

提供者: 増田 隆一

 

本サイトに関するご意見・お問い合わせは repo at lib.hokudai.ac.jp へお願いします。 - 北海道大学