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Volume 45, Number 4 >

Potentially virulent Newcastle disease viruses are maintained in migratory waterfowl populations

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Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item:http://doi.org/10.14943/jjvr.45.4.207

Title: Potentially virulent Newcastle disease viruses are maintained in migratory waterfowl populations
Authors: TAKAKUWA, Hiroki Browse this author
ITO, Toshihiro Browse this author
TAKADA, Ayato Browse this author →KAKEN DB
OKAZAKI, Katsunori Browse this author
KIDA, Hiroshi Browse this author →KAKEN DB
Keywords: Chick Embryo
Newcastle Disease Virus
Viral Fusion Proteins
Virulence
Phylogeny
Issue Date: 27-Feb-1998
Publisher: The Graduate School of Veterinary Medicine
Journal Title: Japanese Journal of Veterinary Research
Volume: 45
Issue: 4
Start Page: 207
End Page: 215
Abstract: Forty-seven Newcastle disease virus (NDV) strains isolated from fecal samples of waterfowls in Alaska and Siberia from 1991 to 1996 were analyzed for their virulence. None of the viruses formed plaques on MDBK cells in the absence of trypsin. Of these, 29 strains showed virulent character by the mean death time with the minimum lethal dose in chicken embryos comparable to velogenic NDV strains, Of the 29 strains, 11 were sequenced for their fusion protein (F) gene. The results showed that 5 of them contained a pair of dibasic amino acids at the cleavage site of the F, which is of a virulent type. The present results suggest that potentially virulent strains of NDV are maintained in migratory waterfowl populations in nature, and that some of those may be transmitted to domestic poultry and acquire pathogenicity during passages in chicken population.
Type: bulletin (article)
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/2115/2613
Appears in Collections:Japanese Journal of Veterinary Research > Volume 45, Number 4

Submitter: 獣医学部図書室

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