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Intra-annual variations in atmospheric dust and tritium in the North Pacific region detected from an ice core from Mount Wrangell, Alaska

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Title: Intra-annual variations in atmospheric dust and tritium in the North Pacific region detected from an ice core from Mount Wrangell, Alaska
Authors: Yasunari, Teppei J. Browse this author
Shiraiwa, Takayuki Browse this author
Kanamori, Syosaku Browse this author
Fujii, Yoshiyuki Browse this author
Igarashi, Makoto Browse this author
Yamazaki, Koji Browse this author →KAKEN DB
Benson, Carl S. Browse this author
Hondoh, Takeo Browse this author →KAKEN DB
Keywords: dust
tritium
ice core
Issue Date: 19-May-2007
Publisher: American Geophysical Union
Journal Title: Journal of Geophysical Research
Volume: 112
Issue: D10
Start Page: D10208
Publisher DOI: 10.1029/2006JD008121
Abstract: The North Pacific is subject to various seasonal climate phenomena and material circulations. Therefore intra-annual ice core data are necessary for an assessment of the climate variations. To assess past variations, a 50-m ice core was drilled at the summit of Mount Wrangell Volcano, Alaska. The dust number, tritium concentrations, and stable hydrogen isotope were analyzed. The period covered was from 1992 to 2002. We found that the concentrations of both fine dust (0.52–1.00 μm), an indicator of long-range transport, and coarse dust (1.00–8.00 μm) increased together every spring. Moreover, their concentrations increased drastically after 2000, corresponding to the recent increase in Asian dust outbreaks in spring. Additionally, an increase in the spring of 2001 corresponded to the largest dust storm recorded in east Asia since 1979. Therefore our findings imply that Asian dust strongly polluted Mount Wrangell every spring. The stratospheric tracer, tritium, had late spring maxima almost every year, and we found this useful for ice core dating to identify late spring in the North Pacific region. We also found that a high positive annual correlation existed between the calculated tritium and fine dust fluxes from late spring to summer. We propose that an annual relationship between the stratosphere-troposphere exchange and Asian dust storm are most closely connected in late spring because their activities are weak in summer. The Mount Wrangell ice core is important and useful for assessing the dust and tritium circulation in the distant past around the North Pacific with probable intra-annual timescale information.
Rights: An edited version of this paper was published by AGU. Copyright 2007, American Geophysical Union, JOURNAL OF GEOPHYSICAL RESEARCH-ATMOSPHERES, 112.
Type: article (author version)
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/2115/26404
Appears in Collections:環境科学院・地球環境科学研究院 (Graduate School of Environmental Science / Faculty of Environmental Earth Science) > 雑誌発表論文等 (Peer-reviewed Journal Articles, etc)

Submitter: 安成 哲平

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