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Inclusion of novel bacteria in rumen microbiology : Need for basic and applied science

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Title: Inclusion of novel bacteria in rumen microbiology : Need for basic and applied science
Other Titles: ルーメン微生物学における研究対象としての新規細菌 : 基礎および応用科学からのニーズ
Authors: KOBAYASHI, Yasuo1 Browse this author →KAKEN DB
Authors(alt): 小林, 泰男1
Keywords: enzyme
microbial ecology
uncultured bacteria
Issue Date: Aug-2006
Publisher: Blackwell Publishing
Journal Title: Animal Science Journal
Volume: 77
Issue: 4
Start Page: 375
End Page: 385
Publisher DOI: 10.1111/j.1740-0929.2006.00362.x
Abstract: Rumen microbiology has made a significant contribution to the understanding of ruminant nutrition. However, further progress in research has been hindered by the incomplete analysis of the rumen microbiota comprised of bacteria, protozoa and fungi, most of which remain uncharacterized due to the difficulties in their isolation and cultivation. In order to maximize rumen fiber digestion, it is necessary to understand the community structure of rumen microbes, especially bacteria, and the factors that influence their composition. Recent advances in molecular biology techniques allow the analysis of such bacteria without cultivation, thereby identifying many functional, but uncultured, bacteria as new targets for basic and applied research. Specific uncultured bacterial groups are being considered as important members of a fibrolytic consortium in the rumen, judging by their ecologic distribution. The inclusion of such uncharacterized bacteria in analyses is crucial for understanding the rumen microbial community and its manipulation. In addition, these bacteria could potentially be candidates as probiotics and sources of enzymes for animal feed and other industrial uses.
Rights: The definitive version is available at
Type: article (author version)
Appears in Collections:農学院・農学研究院 (Graduate School of Agriculture / Faculty of Agriculture) > 雑誌発表論文等 (Peer-reviewed Journal Articles, etc)

Submitter: 小林 泰男

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