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A Cryptic Clonal Line of the Loach Misgurnus anguillicaudatus (Teleostei: Cobitidae) Evidenced by Induced Gynogenesis, Interspecific Hybridization, Microsatellite Genotyping and Multilocus DNA Fingerprinting

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Title: A Cryptic Clonal Line of the Loach Misgurnus anguillicaudatus (Teleostei: Cobitidae) Evidenced by Induced Gynogenesis, Interspecific Hybridization, Microsatellite Genotyping and Multilocus DNA Fingerprinting
Authors: Morishima, Kagayaki Browse this author
Horie, Shin Browse this author
Yamaha, Etsuro Browse this author →KAKEN DB
Arai, Katsutoshi Browse this author →KAKEN DB
Keywords: unreduced egg
clone
unisexual reproduction
triploid
loach
Issue Date: May-2002
Publisher: 日本動物学会
Journal Title: Zoological Science
Volume: 19
Issue: 5
Start Page: 565
End Page: 575
Abstract: In Memanbetsu town, Hokkaido island, Japan, a high frequency of natural triploid loaches Misgurnus anguillicaudatus (7.4% on average) was detected by flow cytometry for relative DNA content. Among sympatric diploid females (n=6) from a single population, we found two unique females that laid unreduced diploid eggs. They gave normal diploid progeny even after induction of gynogenesis with genetically inert UV-irradiated sperm. When fertilized with normal loach sperm, some unreduced eggs developed into triploids, but the rest into diploids. Hybridization using goldfish Carassius auratus sperm gave both normal diploid loaches and inviable allotriploid hybrids possessing the diploid loach genome and the haploid goldfish genome. Microsatellite genotyping and DNA fingerprinting demonstrated that the diploid progeny developing from the unreduced eggs were genetically identical to the mother, while the triploids had some of the paternal DNA. These results indicate that the diploid eggs reproduced unisexually as a diploid clone and in other cases developed into triploids after accidental incorporation of sperm nucleus. The presence of at least one clonal line in this area was shown by the identical DNA fingerprint detected in five out of 17 diploid loaches examined.
Rights: (c) 日本動物学会 / 本文献の公開は著者の意思に基づくものである
Relation: http://www.bioone.org/perlserv/?request=get-archive&issn=0289-0003
Type: article
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/2115/32956
Appears in Collections:水産科学院・水産科学研究院 (Graduate School of Fisheries Sciences / Faculty of Fisheries Sciences) > 雑誌発表論文等 (Peer-reviewed Journal Articles, etc)

Submitter: 荒井 克俊

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