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Changes in Phosphorylation Activities during Goldfish and Xenopus Oocyte Maturation

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Title: Changes in Phosphorylation Activities during Goldfish and Xenopus Oocyte Maturation
Authors: Yoshida, Noriyuki Browse this author
Tanaka, Toyomi Browse this author
Yamashita, Masakane Browse this author
Issue Date: Oct-1995
Publisher: 日本動物学会
Journal Title: Zoological Science
Volume: 12
Issue: 5
Start Page: 599
End Page: 606
Abstract: Oocyte maturation is promoted by the sequential actions of several kinases, of which MPF(a histone H1 kinase) and MAP kinase (a myelin basic protein (MBP) kinase) are known to play pivotal roles. However, other kinases responsible for inducing oocyte maturation have yet to be characterized. To identify these kinases, we examined phosphorylation activities toward 44 exogenous substrate proteins during oocyte maturation in goldfish and Xenopus. We found that 4 substrates in goldfish and 6 in Xenopus were phosphorylated and their phosphorylation states changed during oocyte maturation. Among them, only 3 substrates (histone H1, MBP and pepsin) were common to both species. Precipitation of cdc2 showed that, like histone H1, pepsin was also phosphorylated by cdc2 (MPF). These results suggest that different kinase cascades are involved in goldfish and Xenopus oocyte maturation, although MPF and MAP kinases are common to both species. We also found novel phosphorylation activities that precede the activation of MPF and MAP kinases using deoxyribonuclease I, casein, pepsin and protamine as exogenous substrates.
Rights: (c) 日本動物学会 / 本文献の公開は著者の意思に基づくものである
Type: article
Appears in Collections:生命科学院・先端生命科学研究院 (Graduate School of Life Science / Faculty of Advanced Life Science) > 雑誌発表論文等 (Peer-reviewed Journal Articles, etc)

Submitter: 山下 正兼

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