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Experimental hybridization between X0 and XY chromosome races in the grasshopper Podisma sapporensis (Orthoptera: Acrididae). II. Cytological analysis of embryos and adults of F1 and F2 generations

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Title: Experimental hybridization between X0 and XY chromosome races in the grasshopper Podisma sapporensis (Orthoptera: Acrididae). II. Cytological analysis of embryos and adults of F1 and F2 generations
Authors: Warchalowska-Sliwa, Elzbieta Browse this author
Bugrov, Alexander Browse this author
Sugano, Yoshikazu Browse this author
Maryanska-Nadachowska, Anna Browse this author
Akimoto, Shin-Ichi Browse this author →KAKEN DB
Keywords: Grasshoppers
Acrididae
Podisma sapporensis
chromosome races
experimental crossing
zygotic barrier
Issue Date: 15-Feb-2008
Publisher: Institute of Entomology of the Czech Academy of Sciences
Journal Title: European Journal of Entomology
Volume: 105
Issue: 1
Start Page: 45
End Page: 52
Publisher DOI: 10.14411/eje.2008.006
Abstract: Experimental hybridization of X0 and XY chromosome races of the brachypterous grasshopper P. sapporensis did not reveal pre-zygotic reproductive isolation. However, a partial zygotic barrier was found between the X0-standard race from Shimokawa and XY-standard chromosome race from Akan. Approximately 40% of embryos from females crossed with males from other chromosome races developed parthenogenetically, the remaining embryos were normal heterozygotes. Adult F1 males and females from crosses of this type had properly developed testes and ovaries. Non-sister associations and other irregularities in meiosis were not observed in male meiosis. Crossing experiments demonstrated that hybrids between X0 and XY races occur to some extent. The absence of a hybrid zone between the X0 and XY chromosome races may be the result of selection against heterozygotes. Crosses between the XY-Tanno and X0-standard (Teine) subraces resulted in F1 and F2 generations in spite of the many chromosome differences between them such as a X-A translocation and fixed pericentric inversions in four pairs of autosomes. These results do not support the hypothesis that chromosomal differences play a key role in restricting gene flow between the X0 and XY races of P. sapporensis.
Type: article
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/2115/33888
Appears in Collections:農学院・農学研究院 (Graduate School of Agriculture / Faculty of Agriculture) > 雑誌発表論文等 (Peer-reviewed Journal Articles, etc)

Submitter: 秋元 信一

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