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Identification of a Novel Vinyl Reductase Gene Essential for the Biosynthesis of Monovinyl Chlorophyll in Synechocystis sp. PCC6803

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Title: Identification of a Novel Vinyl Reductase Gene Essential for the Biosynthesis of Monovinyl Chlorophyll in Synechocystis sp. PCC6803
Authors: Ito, Hisashi Browse this author
Yokono, Makio Browse this author
Tanaka, Ryouichi Browse this author →KAKEN DB
Tanaka, Ayumi Browse this author →KAKEN DB
Issue Date: 4-Apr-2008
Publisher: The American Society for Biochemistry and Molecular Biology
Journal Title: Journal of Biological Chemistry
Volume: 283
Issue: 14
Start Page: 9002
End Page: 9011
Publisher DOI: 10.1074/jbc.M708369200
PMID: 18230620
Abstract: The vast majority of oxygenic photosynthetic organisms use monovinyl chlorophyll for their photosynthetic reactions. For the biosynthesis of this type of chlorophyll, the reduction of the 8-vinyl group that is located on the B ring of the macrocycle is essential. Previously, we identified the gene encoding 8-vinyl reductase responsible for this reaction in higher plants, and termed it DVR. Among the sequenced genomes of cyanobacteria, only several Synechococcus species contain DVR homologues. Therefore, it has been hypothesized that many other cyanobacteria producing monovinyl chlorophyll should contain a vinyl reductase which is unrelated to the higher-plant DVR. In order to identify the cyanobacterial gene that is responsible for monovinyl chlorophyll synthesis, we developed a bioinformatics tool, CCCT (Correlation Coefficient Calculation Tool), which calculates the correlation coefficient between the distributions of a certain phenotype and genes among a group of organisms. The program indicated that the distribution of a gene encoding a putative dehydrogenase-protein is best correlated with the distribution of the DVR-less cyanobacteria. We subsequently knocked out the corresponding gene (Slr1923) in Synechocystis sp. PCC6803 and characterized the mutant. The knock-out mutant lost its ability to synthesize monovinyl chlorophyll and, accumulated 3,8-divinyl chlorophyll instead. We concluded that Slr1923 encodes the vinyl reductase or a subunit essential for monovinyl chlorophyll synthesis. The function and evolution of 8-vinyl reductase genes are discussed.
Rights: Copyright © 2008 the American Society for Biochemistry and Molecular Biology
Type: article (author version)
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/2115/33904
Appears in Collections:低温科学研究所 (Institute of Low Temperature Science) > 雑誌発表論文等 (Peer-reviewed Journal Articles, etc)

Submitter: 田中 亮一

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