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Correction of sonic anemometer angle of attack errors

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Title: Correction of sonic anemometer angle of attack errors
Authors: Nakai, Taro Browse this author
van der Molen, M.K. Browse this author
Gash, J.H.C. Browse this author
Kodama, Yuji Browse this author →KAKEN DB
Keywords: angle of attack
ultrasonic anemometer
eddy covariance
nonlinear equation
Issue Date: 11-Jan-2006
Publisher: Elsevier
Journal Title: Agricultural and Forest Meteorology
Volume: 136
Issue: 1-2
Start Page: 19
End Page: 30
Publisher DOI: 10.1016/j.agrformet.2006.01.006
Abstract: An improved method of correcting for the angle of attack error resulting from the imperfect (co)sine response of ultrasonic anemometers is proposed. The angle of attack, which was calculated as the arctangent of observed wind vectors, contains the angle of attack errors in the vectors themselves, and hence this angle was ‘false’. The ‘true’ angle of attack should be calculated from the corrected or ‘true’ wind vectors. In the improved method, the ‘true’ angle of attack is derived by solving a nonlinear equation which connects the ‘false’ angle of attack to the ‘true’ one. In applying this method to the case of R2- and R3-type Solent ultrasonic anemometers, the fit of the function for the sine responses to wind tunnel data was improved, and the cosine response function was also improved to consider the effect of the difference of the vertical positions of the transducers. The nonlinear equation was solved using the Steffensen method; robustly and adequately fast for practical use in calculating eddy fluxes. The accuracy of the correction method is improved over a previous one, especially at large angles of attack. Applying our correction method to field data from two forests and one peat bog, the eddy fluxes of sensible heat, latent heat and CO2 were increased and the energy balance closure rates were improved. These results indicate that a large portion of energy imbalance can be accounted for by the ultrasonic anemometer angle of attack dependent errors.
Type: article (author version)
Appears in Collections:低温科学研究所 (Institute of Low Temperature Science) > 雑誌発表論文等 (Peer-reviewed Journal Articles, etc)

Submitter: 中井 太郎

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