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Title: 産褥期の腰痛に関する研究
Other Titles: Study on low back and posterior pelvic pain in postpartum
Authors: 中澤, 貴代1 Browse this author →KAKEN DB
髙室, 典子2 Browse this author
山中, 正紀3 Browse this author
良村, 貞子4 Browse this author →KAKEN DB
Authors(alt): Nakazawa, Takayo1
Takamuro, Noriko2
Yamanaka, Masanori3
Yoshimura, Sadako4
Keywords: postpartum
low back pain
posterior pelvic pain
daily activities
Issue Date: 28-Dec-2006
Publisher: 看護総合科学研究会
Journal Title: 看護総合科学研究会誌
Journal Title(alt): Journal of Comprehensive Nursing Research
Volume: 9
Issue: 3
Start Page: 3
End Page: 14
Abstract: 目的:産祷期における腰痛の発生状況、および腰痛が日常生活に及ぼす影響を明らかにすることである。方法:自記式質問紙法により、腰痛発生の時期、部位、および日常生活に及ぼす影響を調査し、郵送法で回収した。対象は、北海道内の4施設で分娩した祷婦で、配布数598のうち253の有効回答を得た(42.3%)。結果および考察:分娩後1週間では58.5%、1ヵ月後では55.3%と高率で、腰痛が発生していた。また、産祷期の腰痛の多くは、妊娠期からの継続的な痛みであった。痔痛の主な部位は腰背部と仙腸関節であったが、複合的で、あった。さらに、腸骨稜周囲、腰背部、仙腸関節部、および大腿部後面では時聞が経過しても痛みの発生率はほとんど改善せず持続的であったが、痛みの程度は改善傾向にあることが推察された。加えて、腰痛が日常生活に及ぼす影響は、睡眠や育児に関連する項目が多く、腰痛への対処方法として、リハビリテーションや情報提供などの新たな介入の必要性が示唆された。
Purpose: To clarify occurrence status of low back and posterior pelvic pain and its effect on daily activities in postparturn. Method: We surveyed about time of occurrence of low back and posterior pelvic pain, sites where it occurred and its effect on daily activities by self-reported questionnaire. The data were collected by mailing methods. Object persons for the study were postpartum women who delivered babies in four facilities in Hokkaido. The authors collected 253 valid responses out of 598 questionnaire papers distributed(42.3%). Results and Discussion: Low back and posterior pelvic pain was found in 58.5% at women one week after delivery. And 55.3% at one month after the delivery. Furthermore, low back pain in postpartum was continuous pain started from pregnant period. Major sites where the pain occurred were lumbar portion of back and sacroiliac joints and it was complex pain. Morever, the occurrence rate of the pain hardly improved, and continuous in iliac crest, lumber portion of back, sacroiliac joints and rear surface of femurs. However, it guessed that the degree of the pain was an improvement tendency. Low back and posterior pelvic pain's effects on daily activities were seen in sleep and child care. This study was necessary to provide for intervention such as methods of daily activities and rehabilitation.
Type: article
Appears in Collections:看護総合科学研究会誌 = Journal of comprehensive nursing research > vol. 9 no. 3

Submitter: 中澤 貴代

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