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Vol.XIX, No.3 >

The 1977-1978 Eruption of Usu Volcano

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Title: The 1977-1978 Eruption of Usu Volcano
Authors: Niida, Kiyoaki Browse this author
Katsui, Yoshio Browse this author
Suzuki, Takeo Browse this author
Kondō, Yuko Browse this author
Issue Date: Feb-1980
Publisher: 北海道大学
Journal Title: 北海道大学理学部紀要
Journal Title(alt): Journal of the Faculty of Science, Hokkaido University. Series 4, Geology and mineralogy
Volume: 19
Issue: 3
Start Page: 357
End Page: 394
Abstract: The 1977-1978 activity of Usu Volcano began with a series of major eruptions of dacite pumice from August 7 to 14, 1977, which was preceded by a local earthquake swarm. After the First Stage eruptions, due to rising of the residual viscous magma, notable crustal movements accompanied by earthquakes continued and fumarolic activity increased at the summit. In November, 1977, the Second Stage eruptions broke out with a minor phreatic explosion and intermittently occurred in 1978 gradually increasing in scale of activity. Thus, moderate phreatomagmatic and magmatic eruptions as well as phreatic ones occurred in August and September, then the eruptive activity stopped in October. Subsequent to our first report on the First Stage eruptions (Katsui, et al., 1978), the whole sequence of the Second Stage eruptions is described here, together with the nature of the ejecta, and character and scale of the eruption.
Type: bulletin (article)
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/2115/36693
Appears in Collections:Journal of the Faculty of Science, Hokkaido University. Series 4, Geology and mineralogy > Vol.XIX, No.3

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