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Journal of the Faculty of Science, Hokkaido University. Series 4, Geology and mineralogy >
Vol.XXI, No.1 >

Geology of Western Nepal and a Comparison with Kumaun, India

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タイトル: Geology of Western Nepal and a Comparison with Kumaun, India
著者: Arita, Kazunori 著作を一覧する
Shiraishi, Kazuyuki 著作を一覧する
Hayashi, Daigoro 著作を一覧する
発行日: 1984年 2月
出版者: 北海道大学 = Hokkaido University
誌名: 北海道大学理学部紀要 = Journal of the Faculty of Science, Hokkaido University. Series 4, Geology and mineralogy
巻: 21
号: 1
開始ページ: 1
終了ページ: 20
抄録: Geologic structure of western Nepal has two tectonic systems, one being the Himalayan gneiss zone and its klippes of allochthonous nature and the other being the Midland meta-sediment zone of autochthonous or parautochthonous nature; the former is thrust over the latter along a salient tectonic zone called the Main Central Thrust zone. The Himalayan geneisses composed of high grade metamorphic rocks of the Barrovian type have a monotonous structure dipping gently northward. Meanwhile, the Chakhure-Mabu crystallines, which make up a klippe on the Midland meta-sediments, have been derived from the root of the Himalayan gneisses in the north. It is considered that the Jajarkot crystallines also form another klippe derived from the Main Central thrust zone in the north. The Midland meta-sediments show an anticlinorium structure composed of a thick sequence of platform-type sediments and are divided into five formations. The lower part of them is composed of the calcareous Ila Formation with stromatolite and the quartzite-rich Dali Formation, both of which are respectively correlative with the upper calcareous Subgroup and the middle siliceous Subgroup of the Midland meta-sediment Group of central Nepal. The Midland meta-sediments of western Nepal is considered to range in age from Riphean to Eocambrian despite of a possibility that the upper part would be of Palaeozoic in age. The Main Central Thrust zone is a profound tectonic zone characterized by intensely mylonitized rocks accompanied with characteristically blastomylonitic "augen" gneiss and garnet-mica-chlorite phyllitic schist. Geology and tectonics of western Nepal are correlated very well with those of eastern Kumaun of India immediately adjacent to the west.
資料タイプ: bulletin (article)
出現コレクション:Vol.XXI, No.1


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