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北海道大学大学院農学研究院邦文紀要 = Memoirs of the Research Faculty of Agriculture, Hokkaido University >
Vol. 30 No. 2 >

自由貿易協定が日本の農業生産および農業環境に及ぼす影響に関する経済分析

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Title: 自由貿易協定が日本の農業生産および農業環境に及ぼす影響に関する経済分析
Other Titles: Economic Analysis of Agricultural Trade and the Environment under the Free Trade Agreement
Authors: 澤内, 大輔1 Browse this author
Authors(alt): Sawauchi, Daisuke1
Issue Date: 27-Feb-2009
Publisher: 北海道大学大学院農学研究院
Journal Title: 北海道大学大学院農学研究院邦文紀要
Journal Title(alt): Memories of the Research Faculty of Agriculture, Hokkaido University
Volume: 30
Issue: 2
Start Page: 121
End Page: 180
Abstract: The purpose of this paper is to evaluate the potential economic impact and the potential impact of nitrogen pollution from agriculture caused by agricultural trade liberalization under the Japan-Australia-New Zealand Free Trade Agreement (JANFTA),using the Global Trade Analysis Project (GTAP) model (Hertel, 1997)and the OECD Nitrogen Balance Database (OECD, 2001). We evaluate the potential economic and nitrogen impact caused by the JANFTA using the GTAP model and the OECD Nitrogen Balance Database (Rae and Strutt 2004, 2007). First, the GTAP model is used to estimate the changes in economic activities, such as agricultural production, caused by the JANFTA. Second, the GTAP results and the OECD Nitrogen Balance Database are used to estimate the potential impact of nitrogen pollution from agriculture caused by the JANFTA. The GTAP results show that farm outputs decrease while the real GDP slightly increases in Japan. Farm production of most commodities declines in Japan, while farm production in Australia and New Zealand exhibits some expansion. The nitrogen balance results show that the proposed JANFTA would have a comparatively greater impact on the nitrogen pollution from agriculture in Japan than the increase in the real GDP in Japan. In percentage terms, the decline in farm output would be larger than the decline in nitrogen pollution from agriculture in Japan.
Type: bulletin (article)
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/2115/37278
Appears in Collections:北海道大学大学院農学研究院邦文紀要 = Memoirs of the Research Faculty of Agriculture, Hokkaido University > Vol. 30 No. 2

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