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Assessing the impact of phosphorus cycling on river water P concentration in Hokkaido

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Title: Assessing the impact of phosphorus cycling on river water P concentration in Hokkaido
Authors: Woli, Krishna Prasad Browse this author
Hayakawa, Atsushi Browse this author
Nagumo, Toshiyuki Browse this author
Imai, Hiromu Browse this author
Ishiwata, Teruo Browse this author
Hatano, Ryusuke Browse this author →KAKEN DB
Keywords: phosphorus concentration
phosphorus budget
river water quality
surplus phosphorus
topography
Issue Date: 1-Apr-2008
Publisher: Blackwell Publishing
Journal Title: Soil Science & Plant Nutrition
Volume: 54
Issue: 2
Start Page: 310
End Page: 317
Publisher DOI: 10.1111/j.1747-0765.2007.00243.x
Abstract: We estimated the phosphorus (P) budgets for all 212 cities, towns and villages of Hokkaido, Japan. We also carried out water sampling from all major rivers flowing in the respective areas during the snowmelt season and measured total P (TP) concentration. Surplus P in the agricultural land was estimated by subtracting the amount of crop uptake from the input sources, such as the amount of chemical and compost fertilizers, crop residues, rainfall and irrigation. The livestock excreta P not utilized on farmland was assumed to be disposed P. Total P concentrations in most of the river water ranged from undetectable to 1 mg L-1, rarely reaching up to 2.32 mg L-1, and the areas surrounding the Funka Bay had comparatively higher concentrations. More than two-thirds of the areas had surplus P in farmland ranging from negative values to 30 kg ha-1 of farmland, and areas with mixed farmland and livestock husbandry had higher surplus values ranging from 31 to 72 kg ha-1, indicating that the source of the residual P was applied chemical and manure fertilizers. Total P concentration in river water was not correlated with the proportion of upland field and urban area or with the farmland surplus P resulting from the P cycling and the municipal waste P that mixes into the river water. However, TP concentration was positively correlated with the proportion of Andisol area occupied by farmlands (r = 0.25, P < 0.01). The TP concentration was also correlated with the topographic factors in areas (r = 0.49, P < 0.01) that possess more than 50% Andisols in farmlands. Multiple regression analysis showed that TP concentration was best explained by a combination of disposed excreta, the Andisol area occupied by farmland, the application rate of chemical fertilizers and topographic factors (r2 = 0.21, P < 0.001). Thus, P losses from farmlands to river water during the snowmelt season could mainly be attributed to fertilizer management and soil type along with the topographic condition of the area.
Rights: The definitive version is available at www.blackwell-synergy.com
Type: article (author version)
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/2115/38123
Appears in Collections:農学院・農学研究院 (Graduate School of Agriculture / Faculty of Agriculture) > 雑誌発表論文等 (Peer-reviewed Journal Articles, etc)

Submitter: Krishna Prasad Woli

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