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サハリンの言語世界 : 北大文学研究科公開シンポジウム報告集 = Linguistic World of Sakhalin : Proceedings of the Symposium, September 6, 2008 >
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タイトル: アイヌ語の接頭辞度
その他のタイトル: The Degree of Prefixing of Ainu
著者: 中川, 裕 著作を一覧する
発行日: 2009年 3月 8日
出版者: 北海道大学大学院文学研究科 = Graduate School of Letters, Hokkaido University
引用: 津曲敏郎編 = Toshiro Tsumagari ed.
誌名: サハリンの言語世界 : 北大文学研究科公開シンポジウム報告書 = Linguistic World of Sakhalin : Proceedings of the Symposium, September 6, 2008
開始ページ: 63
終了ページ: 70
抄録: On the Map 26 in Haspelmath, M. et al. eds. (2005), Ainu is valued as an "approximately equal amounts of suffixing and prefixing" language, which is an uncommon trait along with Ket in the northern Eurasia, where "strongly suffixing" languages are predominant. The recalculation of the "affix indexes", however, shows that Ainu has more preference for prefixing to be counted between "predominantly prefixing" and "moderate preference for prefixing", than the one M.Dryer, the author of the map 26, estimated. One of the reasons of this disagreement is probably that Dryer considers Ainu having "plural affixes on nouns" (affix type iv), but, in fact, Ainu can't be regarded as having such affixes. This trait of prefix predominance can be seen more in the southern area of Eurasia than in the northern area, where Ainu is spoken. Moreover while Ainu has OV and NP + Po order, Hawkins and Gilligan (1988) said that statistically OV order is rarely co-occurs with prefix predominance. I propose here a diachronic explanation for this discrepancy. Once Japanese had not been spoken in Japanese archipelago and Ainu had been situated side by side with Austronesian languages, which were VO order and prefix predominance. Ainu had formed a linguistic area with these languages and had the same traits of them. Then Japanese intruded into the islands, between Ainu and the southern languages, so that Ainu was pushed toward north and surrounded by Japanese, Nivkh or Tungusic languages, which were OV order. Then Ainu formed new linguistic area with them and changed its word order into OV, while unchanged on its prefix preference.
記述: 北大文学研究科北方研究教育センター公開シンポジウム「サハリンの言語世界」. 平成20年9月6日. 札幌市
資料タイプ: proceedings


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