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Sea-ice-thickness variability in the Chukchi Sea, spring and summer 2002-2004

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Title: Sea-ice-thickness variability in the Chukchi Sea, spring and summer 2002-2004
Authors: Shirasawa, Kunio Browse this author →KAKEN DB
Eicken, Hajo Browse this author
Tateyama, Kazutaka Browse this author
Takatsuka, Toru Browse this author
Kawamura, Toshiyuki Browse this author
Keywords: Sea-ice thickness
Snow depth
Electromagnetic induction instrument
Ice rafting
Ocean-heat flux
Chukchi Sea
Beaufort Sea
Issue Date: 1-Aug-2009
Publisher: Elsevier Ltd.
Journal Title: Deep Sea Research Part II : Topical Studies in Oceanography
Volume: 56
Issue: 17
Start Page: 1182
End Page: 1200
Publisher DOI: 10.1016/j.dsr2.2008.10.015
Abstract: Measurements of sea ice thickness were obtained from drill holes, an ice-based electromagnetic induction instrument (IEM) and a ship-borne electromagnetic induction instrument (SEM) during the early melt season in the southern Chukchi Sea in 2002 and 2004, and in late summer 2003 at the time of minimum ice extent in the northern Chukchi Sea. An ice roughness criterion was applied to distinguish between level and rough or ridged ice. Ice thickness modes in the probability density functions (PDFs) derived from drill-hole and IEM measurements agreed well, with modes at 1.5-1.6 m and 1.8-1.9 m for all data from level ice. The PDFs derived from SEM measurements show that the primary modes are at 0.1 and 1.1 m in 2003 and 0.7 m in 2004. In 2002 and 2004, significant fractions (between one third and one half) of level ice were found to consist of rafted ice segments. Snow depth varied significantly between years, with 2004 data showing more than half the snow cover on level ice to be at or below 0.05 m depth in late spring. Ice growth simulations and examination of ice drift and deformation history indicate that impacts of atmospheric and oceanic warming on level ice thickness in the region over the past few decades are masked to a large extent by variability in snow depth and the contribution of deformation processes. In comparison with submarine sonar ice thickness data from previous decades, a reduction in ice thickness by about 0.5 to 1 m is in part explained by the replacement of multi-year with first-year ice over the Chukchi and Beaufort shelves.
Type: article (author version)
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/2115/38962
Appears in Collections:低温科学研究所 (Institute of Low Temperature Science) > 雑誌発表論文等 (Peer-reviewed Journal Articles, etc)

Submitter: 白澤 邦男

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