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Analytical solutions describing the phase separation driven by a free energy functional containing a long-range interaction term

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Title: Analytical solutions describing the phase separation driven by a free energy functional containing a long-range interaction term
Authors: Ohnishi, Isamu Browse this author
Nishiura, Yasumasa Browse this author →KAKEN DB
Imai, Masaki Browse this author
Matsushita, Yushu Browse this author
Issue Date: Jun-1999
Publisher: American Institute of Physics
Journal Title: Chaos : An Interdisciplinary Journal of Nonlinear Science
Volume: 9
Issue: 2
Start Page: 329
End Page: 341
Publisher DOI: 10.1063/1.166410
Abstract: We are primarily concerned with the variational problem with long-range interaction. This functional represents the Gibbs free energy of the microphase separation of diblock copolymer melts. The critical points of this variational problem can be regarded as the thermodynamic equilibrium state of the phase separation phenomenon. Experimentally it is well-known in the diblock copolymer problem that the final equilibrium state prefers periodic structures such as lamellar, column, spherical, double-diamond geometries and so on. We are interested in the characterization of the periodic structure of the global minimizer of the functional (corresponding to the strong segregation limit). In this paper we completely determine the principal part of the asymptotic expansion of the period with respect to ε (interfacial thickness), namely, we estimate the higher order error term of the period with respect to ε in a mathematically rigorous way in one space dimension. Moreover, we decide clearly the dependency of the constant of proportion upon the ratio of the length of two homopolymers and upon the quench depth. In the last section, we study the time evolution of the system. We first study the linear stability of spatially homogeneous steady state and derive the most unstable wavelength, if it is unstable. This is related to spinodal decomposition. Then, we numerically investigate the time evolution equation (the gradient flow of the free energy), and see that the free energy has many local minimizers and the system have some kind of sensitivity about initial data.
Rights: Copyright 1999 American Institute of Physics. This article may be downloaded for personal use only. Any other use requires prior permission of the author and the American Institute of Physics. The following article appeared in Chaos, vol.9, pp.329-341, 1999 and may be found at https://dx.doi.org/10.1063/1.166410
Type: article
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/2115/39895
Appears in Collections:電子科学研究所 (Research Institute for Electronic Science) > 雑誌発表論文等 (Peer-reviewed Journal Articles, etc)

Submitter: 西浦 廉政

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