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Obtaining multiple separate food sources : behavioural intelligence in the Physarum plasmodium

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タイトル: Obtaining multiple separate food sources : behavioural intelligence in the Physarum plasmodium
著者: Nakagaki, Toshiyuki 著作を一覧する
Kobayashi, Ryo 著作を一覧する
Nishiura, Yasumasa 著作を一覧する
Ueda, Tetsuo 著作を一覧する
キーワード: Physarum
small-world network
network dynamics
amoeboid behaviour
cell intelligence
発行日: 2004年11月 7日
出版者: Royal Society
誌名: Proceedings of the Royal Society of London. B, Biological Sciences
巻: 271
号: 1554
開始ページ: 2305
終了ページ: 2310
出版社 DOI: 10.1098/rspb.2004.2856
抄録: In order to evaluate performance in a complex survival task, we studied the morphology of the Physarum plasmodium transportation network when presented with multiple separate food sources. The plasmodium comprises a network of tubular elements through which chemical nutrient, intracellular signals and the viscous body are transported and circulated. When three separate food sources were presented, located at the vertices of a triangle, the tubular network connected them via a short pathway, which was often analogous to the mathematically shortest route known as Steiner's Minimum Tree (SMT). The other common network shape had high fault tolerance against accidental disconnection of the tubes and was known as cycle (CYC). Pattern selection appeared to be a bistable system involving SMT and CYC. When more than three food sources were presented the network pattern tended to be a patchwork of SMT and CYC. We therefore concluded that the plasmodium tube network is a well designed and intelligent system.
資料タイプ: article (author version)
出現コレクション:雑誌発表論文等 (Peer-reviewed Journal Articles, etc)

提供者: 西浦 廉政


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