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An image processing algorithm for detecting in-line potato tubers without singulation

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Title: An image processing algorithm for detecting in-line potato tubers without singulation
Authors: Al-Mallahi, A. Browse this author
Kataoka, T. Browse this author
Okamoto, H. Browse this author
Shibata, Y. Browse this author
Keywords: Image processing
Potato harvester
Machine vision
Singulation
Clod
Issue Date: Jan-2010
Publisher: Elsevier B.V.
Journal Title: Computers and Electronics in Agriculture
Volume: 70
Issue: 1
Start Page: 239
End Page: 244
Publisher DOI: 10.1016/j.compag.2009.11.001
Abstract: An algorithm which helps detecting in-line potato tubers without singulation when they are mixed with clods was developed. It is particularly useful for sorting and grading purposes whether at the packhouses or the potato harvester. The algorithm scans images which include clusters of tubers and clods from left to right until it encounters a cluster. Once encountered, a scan around the periphery of the cluster starts until returning to the original point where the scanning around the periphery started. At the end of the periphery scanning, the periphery pixels are erased and the new width of the cluster is compared with the previous width. Contouring the periphery continues until a sudden shrink in the width of the cluster occurs which indicates the detection of a contact point. The left-to-right scanning resumes from the contact point until it reaches the right end of the image repeating the periphery scanning every time a cluster is encountered. The algorithm was tested by detecting 380 contact points between tubers and 112 contact points between tubers and clods. Results showed that approximately 99% of the contact points were detected successfully. It was found that the only reason of error was the lack of cusp between a tuber and a clod when the clod did not have an oval shape. It could be concluded that the algorithm is able to detect any contact point between any oval shaped adjacent objects as long as they form a cusp between them, which is guaranteed between any adjacent tubers. Therefore, the algorithm can be applied at the packhouses to replace the long, bulky and expensive conveyors needed to create spaces between the in-line potato tubers so as to aid machine vision-based size grading. Moreover, the algorithm can be used at the potato harvester to help in discriminating between the touching tubers and clods so as to automate the removal of the clods during harvesting.
Type: article (author version)
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/2115/42631
Appears in Collections:農学院・農学研究院 (Graduate School of Agriculture / Faculty of Agriculture) > 雑誌発表論文等 (Peer-reviewed Journal Articles, etc)

Submitter: 片岡 崇

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