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北海道大学農經論叢 = The Review of the Society of Agricultural Economics >
第65集 >

中国三江平原における農業開発の特質 : 国有農場の水田展開に着目して

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Title: 中国三江平原における農業開発の特質 : 国有農場の水田展開に着目して
Other Titles: Characteristics of Agricultural Development on Sanjiang Plain : Development of Paddy Fields of State Farm from a Macroscopic Perspective
Authors: 朴, 紅1 Browse this author
張, 錦女2 Browse this author
坂下, 明彦3 Browse this author
Authors(alt): Park, Hong1
Zhang, Jinnu2
Sakashita, Akihiko3
Issue Date: 31-Mar-2010
Publisher: 北海道大学大学院農学研究院
Journal Title: 北海道大学農經論叢
Journal Title(alt): The Nokei Ronso : The Review of Agricultural Economics Hokkaido University
Volume: 65
Start Page: 83
End Page: 100
Abstract: This paper is intended to elucidate from a macroscopic perspective the characteristics of the rapid development of irrigation and drainage systems and paddy fields on the Sanjiang Plain. The entities involved in this project were stratified: on the first stratum was a national project for comprehensive land development; on the second stratum was the Bureau of Agricultural Reclamation, which manages state farms, and its Agricultural Reclamation Administration branch; and on the third stratum was zhigong farmers. The existence of these stratified entities was a condition made necessary by the nature of this project, i.e., development of a large wetland. Being at a point where three major rivers meet, the Sanjiang Plain is a flood plain, and so major infrastructure development was required, thereby necessitating this national project for flood control. The unique existence of the local government, which administers the political as well as the economic vehicle of state farms, also contributed to the promotion of agricultural development. It was also the existence of zhigong farmers, who assumed superiority and had the economic accumulation which brought this project to success that helped to stabilize rice production with an underground water irrigation system.
Type: bulletin (article)
Appears in Collections:北海道大学農經論叢 = The Review of the Society of Agricultural Economics > 第65集

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