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Enhanced modulation of neuronal activity during antisaccades in the primate globus pallidus.

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タイトル: Enhanced modulation of neuronal activity during antisaccades in the primate globus pallidus.
著者: Yoshida, Atsushi 著作を一覧する
Tanaka, Masaki 著作を一覧する
発行日: 2009年 1月18日
出版者: Oxford University Press
誌名: Cerebral Cortex
巻: 19
号: 1
開始ページ: 206
終了ページ: 217
出版社 DOI: 10.1093/cercor/bhn069
抄録: The antisaccade task has been widely used to investigate the neural mechanisms underlying volitional movement control. In this task, subjects suppress reflexive saccades to the sudden appearance of peripheral visual stimuli (prosaccades) and generate a saccade in the opposite direction. Recent imaging studies suggest that the globus pallidus (GP) is involved in the generation of antisaccades. To understand the roles of the GP, we examined single neuron activity and the effects of local inactivation. Monkeys were trained to make either a pro- or antisaccade according to prior instruction provided by the color of the fixation point in each trial. Among 119 saccade-related neurons, 55% showed increased firing rates associated with saccades, while the remaining neurons showed decreased firing rates. For both populations of neurons, the activity modulation was enhanced during the preparation and execution of antisaccades, as compared to prosaccades. Inactivation of the recording sites in the external segment of the GP resulted in an increase in the number of error trials in the antisaccade tasks, suggesting that signals in the GP may play roles in suppressing inadequate prosaccades in the task. Signals in the GP might regulate eye movements through the nigro-collicular descending circuitry and through the basal ganglia-thalamocortical pathways.
Rights: This is a pre-copy-editing, author-produced PDF of an article accepted for publication in Cerebral Cortex following peer review. The definitive publisher-authenticated version [Cerebral Cortex 2009 19(1):206-217] is available online at: http://cercor.oxfordjournals.org/cgi/content/abstract/19/1/206
Relation (URI): http://cercor.oxfordjournals.org/cgi/content/abstract/19/1/206
資料タイプ: article (author version)
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/2115/43048
出現コレクション:雑誌発表論文等 (Peer-reviewed Journal Articles, etc)

提供者: 田中 真樹

 

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