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Flocculation of diatomite by a soy protein-based bioflocculant

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Title: Flocculation of diatomite by a soy protein-based bioflocculant
Authors: Seki, Hideshi Browse this author →KAKEN DB
Maruyama, Hideo Browse this author →KAKEN DB
Shoji, Yasuhiro Browse this author
Keywords: Bioflocculant
Methylated protein
Soy protein
Diatomite suspension
Issue Date: 15-Aug-2010
Publisher: Elsevier B.V.
Journal Title: Biochemical Engineering Journal
Volume: 51
Issue: 1-2
Start Page: 14
End Page: 18
Publisher DOI: 10.1016/j.bej.2010.04.009
Abstract: A novel bioflocculant, methylated soy protein (MeSP), has been developed and its flocculation performance was tested with diatomite suspensions in freshwater (pH 2-11) and in seawater. The flocculation performance of MeSP was much higher than that of commercial polyaluminum chloride (PAC) in terms of supernatant clarity and floc settling velocity. In freshwater and at a fixed flocculant dosage of 60 ppm, MeSP could reduce the relative absorbance to 0.1 within 1 min over a wide pH range (pH 3-10), while PAC was effective only at around pH 5. In seawater (pH 8), there was a striking difference in flocculation performance between MeSP and PAC. MeSP (20-50 ppm) could reduce the relative absorbance to less than 0.1, while PAC was ineffective. The settling velocity of the floc formed by MeSP in freshwater at pH 7 and in seawater was about 4 mm/s. MeSP was applied to the flocculation of a real wastewater generated from an andesite quarry. The relative absorbance could be reduced to less than 0.05 by the addition of 40 ppm of MeSP. The floc settling velocity was about 5 mm/s.
Type: article (author version)
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/2115/43784
Appears in Collections:水産科学院・水産科学研究院 (Graduate School of Fisheries Sciences / Faculty of Fisheries Sciences) > 雑誌発表論文等 (Peer-reviewed Journal Articles, etc)

Submitter: 関 秀司

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