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Evaluating the Relationships between the Postural Adaptation of Patients with Profound Cerebral Palsy and the Configuration of the Seating Buggy's Seating Support Surface

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タイトル: Evaluating the Relationships between the Postural Adaptation of Patients with Profound Cerebral Palsy and the Configuration of the Seating Buggy's Seating Support Surface
著者: Hatta, Tatsuo 著作を一覧する
Nishimura, Shigeo 著作を一覧する
Inoue, Kaoru 著作を一覧する
Yamanaka, Masanori 著作を一覧する
Maki, Makoto 著作を一覧する
Kobayashi, Norikazu 著作を一覧する
Kishigami, Hirotoshi 著作を一覧する
Sato, Masahiko 著作を一覧する
発行日: 2007年 3月
出版者: 日本生理人類学会
誌名: Journal of physiological anthropology and applied human science
巻: 26
号: 2
開始ページ: 217
終了ページ: 224
出版社 DOI: 10.2114/jpa2.26.217
抄録: We are currently investigating the physiological polymorphism of wheelchair users with profound cerebral palsy and the properties of the Seating Buggy (developed by S. Nishimura, 1998) to clarify important and general elements of wheelchairs for widespread use. Cerebral palsy is a diagnostic term used to describe a group of motor syndromes resulting from disorders in early brain development. Recently, it has been shown that the Seating Buggy produces functional head-neck alignments and active control of sitting balance for people with profound cerebral palsy. The Seating Buggy is a wheelchair for the profoundly disabled and features a wide adjustment range from heights of 120 cm to 175 cm. Its seating support surface is comprised of a sling-seat. To examine the relationships between the postural adaptation of patients with profound cerebral palsy and the configuration of the Seating Buggy's seating, we assessed the postural alignment of the Seating Buggy's user and then measured the configuration of its resulting seating support surface with a three dimensional scanning system. Twenty-one subjects were used for the purposes of this investigation in their everyday environment. Postural adaptation and wheelchair fitting in the Seating Buggy were assessed from the viewpoint of the Active Balanced Seating by a seating expert. The subjects fell into two categories, as follows: 11 for appropriate or nearly appropriate fitting, and 10 for ill-fitting. The depth of thoracic support and the forward distance of lumbar support for those who claimed that it was ill-fitting were significantly reduced compared with that of those who claimed that the Seating Buggy offered an appropriate or nearly appropriate fitting. It was suggested that the properly adjusted depth of thoracic support and distance of the lumbar support were related to the resulting satisfactory head-neck alignment and sitting balance of the patients with profound cerebral palsy.
Rights: 日本生理人類学会. 本文データは学協会の許諾に基づきCiNiiから複製したものである
資料タイプ: article
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/2115/43833
出現コレクション:雑誌発表論文等 (Peer-reviewed Journal Articles, etc)

提供者: 山中 正紀

 

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