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浅水域の船首沈下(bow squat)の簡易推定

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Title: 浅水域の船首沈下(bow squat)の簡易推定
Other Titles: Simple Prediction Model of Bow Squat in Shallow Water
Authors: 芳村, 康男1 Browse this author →KAKEN DB
Authors(alt): Yoshimura, Yasuo1
Keywords: Squat
Prediction model
Shallow water
Model test
スコット
推定計算式
浅水域
模型試験
Issue Date: 25-Sep-2009
Publisher: 日本航海学会
Journal Title: 日本航海学会論文集
Volume: 121
Start Page: 185
End Page: 190
Abstract: When a ship is proceeding into the shallow water, ship’s sinkage and bow trim are increased. These tendencies become larger as the bottom clearance is decreased. This phenomenon is generally called as squat, and this sometimes makes the bottom touch or aground in harbour or fairway, and then caused the serious marine disaster such as oil prolusions. The researches of squat have been developed particularly in western countries where many canal and river water ways are provided. There are many methods for predicting the squat. However, the prediction methods that are mainly proposed based on potential theory are complicated and not sufficient in accuracy. In this paper, the simple prediction formula of bow squat is presented based on experimental model tests as well as theoretical approach. Firstly, the increment of sinkage and trim in shallow water is investigated, where it is found that that the Tuck’s simple sinkage model (2) is available for predicting the increment of midship sinkage in stead of the absolute value of sinkage. Meanwhile, the increment of bow trim in shallow water has been introduced from the experimental model tests because of the difficulty of theoretical approach. Finally, adding the bow sinkage in deep water, the simple prediction model of bow squat is proposed here. As the bow squat can be easily calculated from ship’s particulars LPP, B, d, Cb, ship’s speed U, water depth h and width, this formula will help for the evaluation of safety keel clearance on board.
Rights: ©日本航海学会
Type: article (author version)
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/2115/43857
Appears in Collections:水産科学院・水産科学研究院 (Graduate School of Fisheries Sciences / Faculty of Fisheries Sciences) > 雑誌発表論文等 (Peer-reviewed Journal Articles, etc)

Submitter: 芳村 康男

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