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Capital Budgeting Management Practices in Japan : A Focus on the Use of Capital Budgeting Methods

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Title: Capital Budgeting Management Practices in Japan : A Focus on the Use of Capital Budgeting Methods
Authors: Shinoda, Tomonari1 Browse this author →KAKEN DB
Authors(alt): 篠田, 朝也1
Keywords: Capital Budgeting
Simple Payback Period Method
Payback Period Method
Premium Payback Period Method
Accounting Rate of Return
Net Present Value Method
Internal Rate of Return Method
Real Options
Issue Date: Oct-2010
Publisher: Graduate School of Economics and Business Administration, Hokkaido University
Journal Title: Economic Journal of Hokkaido University
Volume: 39
Start Page: 39
End Page: 50
Abstract: Capital budgeting is one of the most important factors in the process of corporate decision-making. Data from numerous previous studies show that managers prefer the simple payback period method (non-discounted payback model) over the net present value method (discounted cash flow model), which academics consider as superior. In particular, almost all investigative research in Japan has shown that the managers of Japanese firms tend to prefer a non-discounted cash flow model, such as a simple payback period method. This interesting gap between business practice and academic theory has long been a puzzle to the academic community. From October, 2008, to January, 2009, I conducted a survey in the form of a questionnaire sent to 225 people in charge of capital budgeting at firms listed on the Tokyo Stock Exchange, with a focus on capital budgeting practices. This paper presents the results of the questionnaire survey and evaluates the capital budgeting practices in Japanese firms. The results show that Japanese firms manage their decision-making by a combination of payback period method and net present value method. While most financial managers utilize multiple tools in the capital budgeting process, these results reflect a better alignment of views between academia and business.
Type: bulletin (article)
Appears in Collections:Economic Journal of Hokkaido University > Vol.39

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