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Contributions of biogenic volatile organic compounds to the formation of secondary organic aerosols over Mt. Tai, Central East China

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Title: Contributions of biogenic volatile organic compounds to the formation of secondary organic aerosols over Mt. Tai, Central East China
Authors: Fu, Pingqing Browse this author
Kawamura, Kimitaka Browse this author
Kanaya, Yugo Browse this author
Wang, Zifa Browse this author
Keywords: Biogenic VOCs
Secondary organic aerosol
α/β Pinene
2 Methyltetrols
Issue Date: Dec-2010
Publisher: Elsevier
Journal Title: Atmospheric Environment
Volume: 44
Issue: 38
Start Page: 4817
End Page: 4826
Publisher DOI: 10.1016/j.atmosenv.2010.08.040
Abstract: To better understand the contribution of biogenic volatile organic compounds to the formation of secondary organic aerosol (SOA) in high mountain regions, ambient aerosols were collected at the summit of Mt. Tai (1534 m, a.s.l.), Central East China (CEC) during the Mount Tai Experiment 2006 campaign (MTX2006) in early summer. Biogenic SOA tracers for the oxidation of isoprene, α/β-pinene, and β-caryophyllene were measured using gas chromatography/mass spectrometry. Most of the biogenic SOA tracers did not show clear diurnal variations, suggesting that they are formed during long-range atmospheric transport or over relatively long time scales. Although isoprene- and α/β-pinene-derived SOA tracers did not correlate with levoglucosan (a biomass burning tracer) β-caryophyllinic acid showed a good correlation with levoglucosan, indicating that crop residue burning may be a source for this acid. Total concentrations of isoprene oxidation products are much higher than those of α/β-pinene and β-caryophyllene oxidation products. The averaged ratio of isoprene to α/β-pinene oxidation products (R_[iso/pine]) was 4.9 and 6.7 for the daytime and nighttime samples, respectively. These values are among the highest in the aerosols reported in different geographical regions, which may be due to the large isoprene fluxes and relatively high levels of oxidants such as OH in CEC. Using a tracer-based method, we estimated the concentrations of secondary organic carbon (SOC) derived from isoprene, α/β-pinene and β-caryophyllene to be 0.4-3.1 μgC m^[-3] (average 1.6 μgC m^[-3]) during the daytime and 0.1-4.2 μgC m^[-3] (1.7 μgC m^[-3]) during the nighttime. These values correspond to 2.9-23%(10%) and 3.2-28% (9.8%) of the total OC concentrations, in which isoprene-derived SOC accounts for 58% and 63% of total SOC during the daytime and nighttime, respectively. This study suggests that isoprene is a more significant precursor for biogenic SOA than α/β-pinene and β-caryophyllene at high altitudes in CEC.
Type: article (author version)
Appears in Collections:低温科学研究所 (Institute of Low Temperature Science) > 雑誌発表論文等 (Peer-reviewed Journal Articles, etc)

Submitter: 河村 公隆

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