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Comparison of N2O and CO2 concentrations and fluxes in the soil profile between a Gray Lowland soil and an Andosol

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Title: Comparison of N2O and CO2 concentrations and fluxes in the soil profile between a Gray Lowland soil and an Andosol
Authors: Kusa, Kanako Browse this author
Sawamoto, Takuji Browse this author
Hu, Ronggui Browse this author
Hatano, Ryusuke Browse this author
Keywords: Andosol
carbon dioxide
gas concentration in soil profile
Gray Lowland soil
nitrous oxide
Issue Date: Feb-2010
Publisher: Blackwell Publishing
Journal Title: Soil Science & Plant Nutrition
Volume: 56
Issue: 1
Start Page: 186
End Page: 199
Publisher DOI: 10.1111/j.1747-0765.2009.00439.x
Abstract: We measured N2O and CO2 fluxes from the soil surface and in the soil through a depth of 0.3 m, and their concentration profiles through a depth of 0.6 m in both a Gray Lowland soil with macropores and cracks and an Andosol with undeveloped soil structure in central Hokkaido, Japan. The objective of this study was to elucidate the difference of N2O production and flux in the soil profile between these two soil types. In the Gray Lowland soil, the N2O concentration above 0.4 m increased with an increase in soil depth. In the Andosol, there were no distinctive N2O concentration gradients in the topsoil when the N2O flux did not increase. However, the N2O concentration at a depth of 0.1 m significantly increased and this concentration was higher than the concentration below 0.2 m when the N2O flux greatly increased. The N2O concentration profiles were thus different between these two soils. The contribution ratios of the N2O produced in the top soil (0-0.3 m depth) to the total N2O emitted from the soil to the atmosphere in the Gray Lowland soil and the Andosol were 0.86 and 1.00, respectively. It indicates that the N2O emitted from the soil to the atmosphere was mainly produced in the top soil. However, the contribution ratio of the subsoil to the N2O emitted from the Gray Lowland soil was higher than that of the Andosol. There was a significant positive correlation between the N2O flux through a 0.3 m depth and the flux from the soil to the atmosphere in only the Gray Lowland soil. These results suggest that N2O production in the subsoil of the Gray Lowland soil could have been activated by NO^[-]_[3] leaching through macropores and cracks, and subsequently the N2O produced in the subsoil could have been rapidly emitted to the atmosphere through the macropores and cracks.
Rights: The definitive version is available at www.blackwellsynergy.com
Type: article (author version)
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/2115/44779
Appears in Collections:農学院・農学研究院 (Graduate School of Agriculture / Faculty of Agriculture) > 雑誌発表論文等 (Peer-reviewed Journal Articles, etc)

Submitter: 波多野 隆介

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