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Rapid physically driven inversion of the air-sea ice CO2 flux in the seasonal landfast ice off Barrow, Alaska after onset of surface melt

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Title: Rapid physically driven inversion of the air-sea ice CO2 flux in the seasonal landfast ice off Barrow, Alaska after onset of surface melt
Authors: Nomura, Daiki Browse this author
Eicken, Hajo Browse this author
Gradinger, Rolf Browse this author
Shirasawa, Kunio Browse this author
Keywords: Sea ice
Brine
CO2 flux
pCO2
Chukchi sea
Arctic ocean
Issue Date: 30-Nov-2010
Publisher: Elsevier
Journal Title: Continental Shelf Research
Volume: 30
Issue: 19
Start Page: 1998
End Page: 2004
Publisher DOI: 10.1016/j.csr.2010.09.014
Abstract: The air-sea ice CO2 flux was measured over landfast sea ice in the Chukchi Sea, off Barrow, Alaska in late May 2008 with a chamber technique. The ice cover transitioned from a cold early spring to a warm late spring state, with an increase in air temperature and incipient surface melt. During melt, brine salinity and brine dissolved inorganic carbon concentration (DIC) decreased from 67.3 to 18.7 and 3977.6 to 1163.5 μmol kg^[-1], respectively. In contrast, the salinity and DIC of under-ice water at depths of 3 and 5 m below the ice surface remained almost constant with average values of 32.4 ± 0.3 (standard deviation) and 2163.1 ± 16.8 μmol kg^[-1], respectively. The air-sea ice CO2 flux decreased from +0.7 to -1.0 mmol m^[-2] day^[-1] (where a positive value indicates CO2 being released to the atmosphere from the ice surface). During this early to late spring transition, brought on by surface melt, sea ice shifted from a source to a sink for atmospheric CO2, with a rapid decrease of brine DIC likely associated with a decrease in the partial pressure of CO2 of brine from a supersaturated to an undersaturated state compared to the atmosphere. Formation of superimposed ice coincident with melt was not sufficient to shut down ice-air gas exchange.
Type: article (author version)
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/2115/44792
Appears in Collections:低温科学研究所 (Institute of Low Temperature Science) > 雑誌発表論文等 (Peer-reviewed Journal Articles, etc)

Submitter: 白澤 邦男

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