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北海道大学地球物理学研究報告 = Geophysical bulletin of Hokkaido University >
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Title: 明瞭なフェーズがない地震の新しい震源決定法:十勝岳火山体の地殻深部低周波地震への応用
Other Titles: A New Method of Hypocenter Determination without Clear Seismic Phases:Application to Low-frequency Seismic Events beneath Tokachi-dake Volcano, Hokkaido, Japan
Authors: 阿形, 葉1 Browse this author
蓬田, 清2 Browse this author
勝俣, 啓3 Browse this author
Authors(alt): Agata, Yo1
Yomogida, Kiyoshi2
Katsumata, Kei3
Issue Date: 19-Mar-2011
Publisher: 北海道大学大学院理学研究院自然史科学部門(地球物理学)
Journal Title: 北海道大学地球物理学研究報告
Journal Title(alt): Geophysical bulletin of Hokkaido University
Volume: 74
Start Page: 67
End Page: 88
Abstract: Hypocenters are generally determined by a method which focuses on onsets of P and/or S waves. As the number, density and quality of seismic stations are recently enhanced, tremors with small amplitude and large duration without any clear onsets of P and/or S waves have been discovered. Epicenters of these events cannot be therefore determined precisely by conventional methods of epicenter determination. New approaches for epicenter determination are required without picking up onsets of P and/or S waves. In this study, we introduce a new method called Relative Maximum Algorithm(RMA ).This is a hybrid method of the Source-Scanning Algorithm (SSA )(Kao and Shan, 2004)and the Network Correlation Coefficient(NCC )(Ohta and Ide, 2008).This utilizes the maximum of amplitude in each seismogram and determines its focal point and origin time relative to those of a reference event. We determine focal points and theirdistribution of events without any clear phases by the three methods and compare their results each other. The events used in this study are fourteen events located in a 15-35 km depth range, that is, in the lower crust, beneath Tokachi-dake volcano located in the center of Hokkaido, Japan, which occurred in November 2002. We used seismograms recorded at up to twelve Hinet stations around this volcanic region. We determine their focal points with precision of about 2 km in all the directions and about 0.5 sec in origin time. Although the accuracy of Hi-net report appears better than that of RMA , we may enhance the accuracy of RMA by careful analyzes of waveforms such as bandpass and time window filtering, considering each quality of observed waveform data.
Type: bulletin (article)
Appears in Collections:北海道大学地球物理学研究報告 = Geophysical bulletin of Hokkaido University > 第74号

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