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Rapid discrimination and quantification of Theileria orientalis types using ribosomal DNA internal transcribed spacers

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Title: Rapid discrimination and quantification of Theileria orientalis types using ribosomal DNA internal transcribed spacers
Authors: Kamau, Joseph Browse this author
Salim, Bashir Browse this author
Yokoyama, Naoki Browse this author
Kinyanjui, Peter Browse this author
Sugimoto, Chihiro Browse this author
Keywords: Ribosomal RNA intergenic spacer
Theileria orientalis types
Issue Date: Mar-2011
Publisher: Elsevier B.V.
Journal Title: Infection, Genetics and Evolution
Volume: 11
Issue: 2
Start Page: 407
End Page: 414
Publisher DOI: 10.1016/j.meegid.2010.11.016
Abstract: We report the population structure analysis of Theileria orientalis types (Ikeda, Buffeli and Chitose), the causative agent of theileriosis in cattle and its cohorts, using ITS1 and ITS2 spacers by fragment genotyping. We utilized primers flanking the two ribosomal RNA internal transcribed spacers (ITS1 and ITS2). Due to varying degrees of sequence polymorphism in the ITS regions found within and between species, we exploited the insertions and or deletions in these regions which resulted in different fragment sizes. On the basis of fragment size polymorphism, we were able to discriminate the three commonly found types of Theileria orientalis. ITS1 was capable of discriminating all three types (Ikeda-251 bp, Chitose-274 bp and Buffeli-269 bp) in one single reaction by fragment genotyping. However, using ITS2, Ikeda (133-bp) a more pathogenic type was distinguishable from Buffeli/Chitose (139-bp). In addition, we quantified parasite load in experimental animals using ITS1. When compared with previous PCR detection method, ITS1 and ITS2 genotyping were found to be more sensitive methods with high specificity in population analysis and can be deployed in molecular epidemiology studies.
Type: article (author version)
Appears in Collections:人獣共通感染症リサーチセンター (Research Center for Zoonosis Control) > 雑誌発表論文等 (Peer-reviewed Journal Articles, etc)

Submitter: 杉本 千尋

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