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Initial vegetation recovery following a blowdown of a conifer plantation in monsoonal East Asia : Impacts of legacy retention, salvaging, site preparation, and weeding

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Title: Initial vegetation recovery following a blowdown of a conifer plantation in monsoonal East Asia : Impacts of legacy retention, salvaging, site preparation, and weeding
Authors: Morimoto, Junko Browse this author
Morimoto, Miho Browse this author
Nakamura, Futoshi Browse this author →KAKEN DB
Keywords: Wind disturbance
Microenvironment
Woody debris
Plant residues
Diversity index
Alien species
Issue Date: 15-Apr-2011
Publisher: Elsevier B.V.
Journal Title: Forest Ecology and Management
Volume: 261
Issue: 8
Start Page: 1353
End Page: 1361
Publisher DOI: 10.1016/j.foreco.2011.01.015
Abstract: All or a part of a sequence of forest practices (i.e., salvage logging, site preparation, planting crop trees, and weeding) has been implemented after natural disturbances for the rapid re-establishment of tree cover. Forest policies in Japan have recently changed from monocultural planting of coniferous crop trees to planting native broadleaved trees to restore forests and nurture local biodiversity following large windthrows. However, the effects of this new practice on preserving biodiversity, as well as the effects of legacy retention, have never been verified in Asia. Thus, the objective of our research was to compare the effects of legacy retention with plantation after salvaging on the initial stage of vegetation recovery in a blowdown area, specifically focusing on plant species diversity, the occurrence of alien species, and the composition of plant species. Following the analysis of our results, we finally describe appropriate practices to alter disturbed coniferous plantations to bring the species composition closer to that of the original natural mixed forests. A control (A, legacy retention) and three experimental treatment sites (B, salvage logged, site prepared, and Quercus crispula seedlings planted; C, same as B, but weeded once during the summer; and D, residual rows that emerged after establishing sites for planting) were prepared, and quadrats were set. Eleven indicators of the ground condition and the number of vascular plant species, including ferns, were quantified, and the number and abundance of residual and newly colonized plants of the main woody species were estimated. Our main findings were as follows: (1) in unsalvaged sites and residual rows, the diversity of plant species was poor, but a variety of plant species compositions were observed due to the heterogeneous conditions of the ground and ample residual plants; (2) in the planting site, many species appeared, but little variety of the species composition was observed due to the homogeneous condition of the ground and the destruction of residual plants; (3) a large number of alien species emerged in broad, unvegetated areas; (4) the impact of site preparation overwhelmed the impact of salvage logging on the initial recovery of plant species; and (5) to restore a natural mixed forest, a combination of legacy retention and plantation after salvaging would be the most appropriate.
Type: article (author version)
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/2115/45271
Appears in Collections:農学院・農学研究院 (Graduate School of Agriculture / Faculty of Agriculture) > 雑誌発表論文等 (Peer-reviewed Journal Articles, etc)

Submitter: 森本 淳子

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