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Prolonged High-Fat Feeding Enhances Aortic 18F-FDG and 99mTc-Annexin A5 Uptake in Apolipoprotein E-Deficient and Wild-Type C57BL/6J Mice

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Title: Prolonged High-Fat Feeding Enhances Aortic 18F-FDG and 99mTc-Annexin A5 Uptake in Apolipoprotein E-Deficient and Wild-Type C57BL/6J Mice
Authors: Zhao, Yan Browse this author
Kuge, Yuji Browse this author
Zhao, Songji Browse this author
Strauss, H. William Browse this author
Blankenberg, Francis. G. Browse this author
Tamaki, Nagara Browse this author →KAKEN DB
Keywords: atherosclerosis
apoptosis
inflammation
serum cholesterol levels
Issue Date: 2008
Publisher: Society of Nuclear Medicine
Journal Title: Journal of Nuclear Medicine
Volume: 49
Issue: 10
Start Page: 1707
End Page: 1714
Publisher DOI: 10.2967/jnumed.108.051847
PMID: 18794270
Abstract: 18F-FDG, a marker of the enhanced metabolism characteristic of activated inflammatory cells, and 99mTc-annexin A5, a marker of apoptosis, are both widely believed to be useful for the imaging of unstable atheroma (rupture-prone vulnerable plaques [VP]). Serum cholesterol functions as a proinflammatory factor, driving the formation of VP, and affects the immune responses of aortic tissues systemically. It is therefore reasonable to postulate that prolonged cholesterol loading may alter the aortic uptake of these tracers. Here, we evaluated the aortic uptake of 18F-FDG and 99mTc-annexin A5 in apolipoprotein E-deficient (apoE2/2) and wild-type mice placed on high-fat diets. Methods: Male apoE2/2 and wild-type (C57BL/6J) mice were maintained on high-fat diets after the age of 5 wk. Wild-type mice fed regular chow were used as controls. At the ages of 10, 18, and 25 wk (5–15 mice per group at each time point), mice were injected with 18F-FDG or 99mTc-annexin A5 after 12 h of fasting. At 1 h after 18F-FDG injection (or 2 h after 99mTc-annexin A5 injection), mice were sacrificed, and the aortas were removed for welltype scintillation counting of radioactivity. The results were expressed as percentage injected dose per gram of tissue and normalized by animal body weight [(ID%/g) · kg]. En face staining was then performed to assess the location and size (surface area) of the lipid pool within each aortic specimen. Concurrent blood samples were obtained to determine the plasma lipid profile of each group. Results: No atherosclerotic lesions were found in wild-type mice regardless of the diet, whereas the lesion area progressively increased with age in apoE2/2 mice. Mean plasma cholesterol levels remained stable with the regular diet in wild-type mice (73–78 mg/dL) but increased with cholesterol feeding in wild-type mice (143–179 mg/dL) and in apoE2/2 mice (.1,300 mg/dL). Aortic tracer uptake [(ID%/g) · kg] remained stable with the regular diet in wild-type mice (0.054– 0.053 and 0.021–0.023 for 99mTc-annexin A5) but increased with cholesterol feeding in wild-type mice (0.164 for 18F-FDG and 0.036 for 99mTc-annexin A5 at 25 wk) and in apoE2/2 mice (0.249 for 18F-FDG and 0.047 for 99mTc-annexin A5 at 25 wk). Conclusion: The accumulation of 18F-FDG and 99mTc-annexin A5 in aortic tissues is influenced not only by the progression of atherosclerotic disease but also by cholesterol loading over time.
Rights: Reprinted by permission of the Society of Nuclear Medicine
Type: article
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/2115/46755
Appears in Collections:医学院・医学研究院 (Graduate School of Medicine / Faculty of Medicine) > 雑誌発表論文等 (Peer-reviewed Journal Articles, etc)

Submitter: 玉木 長良

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