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Effects of changes in the soil environment associated with heavy precipitation on soil greenhouse gas fluxes in a Siberian larch forest near Yakutsk

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タイトル: Effects of changes in the soil environment associated with heavy precipitation on soil greenhouse gas fluxes in a Siberian larch forest near Yakutsk
著者: Koide, Takahiro 著作を一覧する
Saito, Hideyuki 著作を一覧する
Shirota, Tetsuoh 著作を一覧する
Iwahana, Go 著作を一覧する
Lopez, C. M. Larry 著作を一覧する
Maximov, Trofim C. 著作を一覧する
Hasegawa, Shuichi 著作を一覧する
Hatano, Ryusuke 著作を一覧する
キーワード: Fick's law
greenhouse gas
irrigation
Siberian Taiga
trenching method
発行日: 2010年 8月
出版者: Blackwell Publishing
誌名: Soil Science & Plant Nutrition
巻: 56
号: 4
開始ページ: 645
終了ページ: 662
出版社 DOI: 10.1111/j.1747-0765.2010.00484.x
抄録: A future increase in heavy precipitation events is predicted in boreal regions. An irrigation experiment was conducted in Taiga forest in eastern Siberia to evaluate the effect of heavy precipitation on greenhouse gas (GHG; CO2, CH4, and N2O) fluxes in the soil. The GHG fluxes on the soil surface were measured using a closed-chamber method and GHG production rates in the mineral soil were estimated using the concentration-gradient method based on Fick's law. Irrigation water (20 mm day^[-1]) was applied continuously for six days (120 mm in total; the same amount of summer precipitation in this region). Greenhouse gas production rates in the organic layer (O-layer) were defined as the difference between the GHG fluxes and the GHG production rates in the mineral soil. Carbon dioxide flux was measured both in root-intact (Rs) and trenched plots (Rmw). The root respiration rate (Rr) was calculated as the difference between Rs and Rmw. Considering root distribution in the soil, we regarded CO2 production rate in the mineral soil as microbial respiration rate in the mineral soil (Rmm) and microbial respiration rate in the O-layer (Rmo) as the difference between Rmw and Rmm. Irrigation increased both soil temperature and moisture in the irrigated plot. The Rs, CH4 flux and N2O flux during the irrigation period were higher in the irrigated plot than that in the non-irrigated plot (P < 0.05; mean Rs ± S.D. (mg C m^[-2] h^[-1]) were 171 ± 20 and 109 ± 11, mean CH4 flux ± S.D. (μg C m^[-2] h^[-1]) were -5.4 ± 4.1 and -14.0 ± 6.5, and mean N2O flux ± S.D. (μg N m^[-2] h^[-1]) were 1.6 ± 1.6 and 0.2 ± 1.1, respectively). Soil moisture affected positively on Rmm and CH4 production rate in the O-layer, a negatively on Rr, and did not affect Rmo, the CH4 production rate in the mineral soil, and the N2O production rates in both the O-layer and the mineral soil. Soil temperature had a positive effect on Rr and Rmo. The increment of global warming potential of the soil mainly due to the increase in microbial respiration rates. Future change in precipitation patterns in this region would accelerate decomposition of the soil organic matter.
Rights: The definitive version is available at www.blackwellsynergy.com
資料タイプ: article (author version)
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/2115/46871
出現コレクション:雑誌発表論文等 (Peer-reviewed Journal Articles, etc)

提供者: 小出 隆広

 

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