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Oceanic iron supply mechanisms which support the spring diatom bloom in the Oyashio region, western subarctic Pacific

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Title: Oceanic iron supply mechanisms which support the spring diatom bloom in the Oyashio region, western subarctic Pacific
Authors: Nishioka, Jun Browse this author
Ono, Tsuneo Browse this author
Saito, Hiroaki Browse this author
Sakaoka, Keiichiro Browse this author
Yoshimura, Takeshi Browse this author
Issue Date: 16-Feb-2011
Publisher: American Geophysical Union
Journal Title: Journal of Geophysical Research, Oceans
Volume: 116
Start Page: C02021
Publisher DOI: 10.1029/2010JC006321
Abstract: Multiyear (2003-2008) time series observations along the A line provided information on the temporal variability of the dissolved iron (diss-Fe) concentration in the Oyashio region of the western subarctic Pacific, and the data indicated that there was an annual cycle in the concentration of surface diss-Fe occurring every year. Diss-Fe was supplied into the surface water in this region every winter and supports the spring phytoplankton bloom after development of the thermocline. The diss-Fe concentration was drawn down during the phytoplankton bloom period and was depleted in summer in some water masses. Then diss-Fe increased from autumn to winter with the increasing depth of the surface mixed layer. The high diss-Fe concentrations in the surface layer in winter were controlled by mesoscale oceanic intrinsic processes, such as vertical winter mixing and horizontal Fe-rich intermediate water transport. Difference in magnitude of the winter mixing processes among different water masses caused the heterogeneous distribution of diss-Fe concentration in the surface layer. Moreover, the vertical section profiles along a cross-Oyashio transect showed the occurrence of Fe-rich intermediate water, and upward transport of materials from the intermediate water to the surface layer via tidal and winter mixing processes are important mechanisms to explain the high winter surface diss-Fe concentrations. Additionally, the substantially higher diss-Fe/NO3 ratio in the winter surface layer in this studied area other than the high-nutrient low-chlorophyll region indicates that the winter surface water in the Oyashio and the Oyashio-Kuroshio transition zone has a high potential to stimulate phytoplankton growth.
Rights: Copyright 2011 by the American Geophysical Union.
Type: article
Appears in Collections:低温科学研究所 (Institute of Low Temperature Science) > 雑誌発表論文等 (Peer-reviewed Journal Articles, etc)

Submitter: 西岡 純

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