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Prevalence and Carrier Status of Leptospirosis in Smallholder Dairy Cattle and Peridomestic Rodents in Kandy, Sri Lanka

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タイトル: Prevalence and Carrier Status of Leptospirosis in Smallholder Dairy Cattle and Peridomestic Rodents in Kandy, Sri Lanka
著者: Gamage, Chandika D. 著作を一覧する
Koizumi, Nobuo 著作を一覧する
Muto, Maki 著作を一覧する
Nwafor-Okoli, Chinyere 著作を一覧する
Kurukurusuriya, Shanika 著作を一覧する
Rajapakse, Jayanthe R. P. V. 著作を一覧する
Kularatne, Senanayake A. M. 著作を一覧する
Kanda, Koji 著作を一覧する
Lee, Romeo B. 著作を一覧する
Obayashi, Yoshihide 著作を一覧する
Watanabe, Haruo 著作を一覧する
Tamashiro, Hiko 著作を一覧する
キーワード: Domestic Animals
Leptospirosis
PCR
Serology
Zoonosis
発行日: 2011年 8月 8日
出版者: Mary Ann Liebert
誌名: Vector-Borne and Zoonotic Diseases
巻: 11
号: 8
開始ページ: 1041
終了ページ: 1047
出版社 DOI: 10.1089/vbz.2010.0153
抄録: Leptospirosis is an important bacterial zoonotic disease globally and one of the notifiable diseases in Sri Lanka. Other than human leptospirosis, little information is available on leptospirosis in domestic and feral animals in Sri Lanka. Thus, this study attempted to determine the prevalence and carrier status of leptospirosis in small-holder dairy cattle and peridomestic rodents to understand the impact of the disease on public health in Kandy, Sri Lanka. Cattle and rodent samples were collected from the Yatinuwara and Udunuwara divisional secretaries in Kandy. Serum samples were analyzed for the presence of antileptospiral antibodies using microscopic agglutination test. DNA was extracted from cattle urine and rodent kidney tissue samples, in which polymerase chain reaction was carried out to detect the Leptospira flaB gene. The cattle in 19 (38.8%) of the 49 farms harbored antileptospiral antibodies. Out of 113 cattle serum samples, 23 (20.3%) were positive; 17 (73.9%) and 6 (26.1%) reacted with serogroups Sejroe and Hebdomadis, respectively. Out of the 74 rodent samples, 13 (17.5%) were positive; 8 (61.5%) and 4 (30.8%) had reactions to serogroups Javanica and Icterohaemorrhagiae, respectively. Leptospiral DNA was detected in one cattle urine sample and identified as Leptospira interrogans. This study revealed a high prevalence of leptospirosis in cattle and rodents in Kandy. These animals were infected with a wide array of leptospiral serogroups, which are consistent with the research findings observed in humans in Kandy. Overall, serological data indicate that relative to rodents, cattle may be a more significant reservoir for human transmission and a greater source of potential risk to local agricultural communities.
Rights: This is a copy of an article published in the Vector-Borne and Zoonotic Diseases © 2011 copyright Mary Ann Liebert, Inc.; Vector-Borne and Zoonotic Diseases is available online at: http://www.liebertonline.com.
資料タイプ: article
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/2115/47130
出現コレクション:雑誌発表論文等 (Peer-reviewed Journal Articles, etc)

提供者: 玉城 英彦

 

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