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Isotopic shifts with size, culture habitat, and enrichment between the diet and tissues of the Japanese scallop Mizuhopecten yessoensis (Jay, 1857)

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Title: Isotopic shifts with size, culture habitat, and enrichment between the diet and tissues of the Japanese scallop Mizuhopecten yessoensis (Jay, 1857)
Authors: Aya, Frolan A. Browse this author
Kudo, Isao Browse this author →KAKEN DB
Keywords: Enrichment values
Mizuhopecten yessoensis
shell height
sinking particles
stable carbon and nitrogen isotopes
Issue Date: Oct-2010
Publisher: Springer Berlin / Heidelberg
Journal Title: Marine Biology
Volume: 157
Issue: 10
Start Page: 2157
End Page: 2167
Publisher DOI: 10.1007/s00227-010-1480-y
Abstract: Use of stable isotope signatures to trace diet patterns in cultured marine bivalves, particularly when changing culture habitat, requires knowledge of the isotopic shift and enrichment between diet and consumer's tissues. The aim of this study was to determine the patterns of isotope change and the variability of enrichment values (Δδ13C and Δδ15N) in different tissues (muscle, gonad, digestive gland) of the Japanese scallop (Mizuhopecten yessoensis). It was hypothesized that the isotopic signatures of a consumer's tissues changed during settlement, and that the changes were related to variations in the isotopic signatures of food sources and gut contents. Particular attention was paid to the isotope enrichment between the diet and a consumer's tissues using isotope analysis of gut content. Muscle δ15N values decreased significantly 3-5 months post-settlement in a nearshore seabed, concomitant with the ingestion of lower δ15N food. For juvenile scallops, sinking particles (SP) were considered a more important dietary source than suspended particulate organic matter (SPOM), based on the correspondence between SP and gut contents δ13C. Enrichment values (Δδ13C and Δδ15N) varied with tissue and season. Δδ15N was 2.4‰ in muscle, 1.2‰ in gonad, and 0.7‰ in the digestive gland. Δδ13C was 3.2‰ in muscle, 2.3‰ in gonad, and -0.5‰ in the digestive gland. Δδ15N was the lowest in summer (0.3‰), and Δδ13C was the highest in autumn (2.8‰). Δδ15N values were significantly influenced by age, but not Δδ13C. Patterns of isotope ratios and enrichment values may be related to physiological attributes and differences in diet. This is the first study to demonstrate isotopic shift and enrichment encountered in different tissues of a cultured scallop when changing culture habitat.
Rights: The original publication is available at www.springerlink.com
Type: article (author version)
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/2115/47186
Appears in Collections:水産科学院・水産科学研究院 (Graduate School of Fisheries Sciences / Faculty of Fisheries Sciences) > 雑誌発表論文等 (Peer-reviewed Journal Articles, etc)

Submitter: 工藤 勲

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