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Comparison of general water quality of rivers in Indonesia and Japan

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Title: Comparison of general water quality of rivers in Indonesia and Japan
Authors: Kido, Machiko Browse this author
Yustiawati Browse this author
Syawal, M. Suhaemi Browse this author
Sulastri Browse this author
Hosokawa, Toshiyuki Browse this author
Tanaka, Shunitz Browse this author
Saito, Takeshi Browse this author
Iwakuma, Toshio Browse this author
Kurasaki, Masaaki Browse this author
Keywords: Indonesia
Water quality
Endocrine disrupter
River water
Issue Date: Sep-2009
Journal Title: Environmental Monitoring and Assessment
Volume: 156
Issue: 1-4
Start Page: 317
End Page: 329
Publisher DOI: 10.1007/s10661-008-0487-z
PMID: 18758982
Abstract: In Java and Kalimantan in Indonesia, river water plays important roles in human life; for example, for transportation, and economic activities of the inhabitants. However, industrial, agricultural and domestic water is discarded into rivers directly in many developing countries, including Indonesia, since drainage systems have not been completely constructed. In this study, to evaluate the water quality and to compare those levels of environmental contaminants in developing and developed countries, water quality and contents of endocrine disrupters were measured in a total of 64 water samples (Indonesia; 28 samples and Japan; 36 samples) from 53 sites. The results indicated that, rivers in both capital cities, Jakarta and Tokyo, were contaminated. Water in rivers in Indonesia was not so heavily polluted as in Japan. Pollution in the river water in Indonesia appeared to be caused by the lack of sewerage systems. In addition, the findings on endocrine disrupters indicated that the concentration of alkylphenol in water samples was large enough to affect living organisms.
Rights: The final publication is available at
Type: article (author version)
Appears in Collections:環境科学院・地球環境科学研究院 (Graduate School of Environmental Science / Faculty of Environmental Earth Science) > 雑誌発表論文等 (Peer-reviewed Journal Articles, etc)

Submitter: 藏崎 正明

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