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Elevational and latitudinal variation in species richness of sawfly gallers and willows in Japan

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Title: Elevational and latitudinal variation in species richness of sawfly gallers and willows in Japan
Other Titles: Latitudinal and altitudinal pattern in species richness and mortality factors of the galling sawflies on willows in Japan
Authors: Roininen, Heikki Browse this author
Ohgushi, Takayuki Browse this author
Zinovjev, Alexei Browse this author
Virtanen, Risto Browse this author
Vikberg, Veli Browse this author
Matsushita, Kotaro Browse this author →KAKEN DB
Nakamura, Masahiro Browse this author →KAKEN DB
Veteli, Timo Browse this author
Issue Date: 31-Oct-2011
Citation: 北方圏の環境研究に関するシンポジウム. 2011年10月31日(月). 北海道大学学術交流会館 小講堂. Northern Environmental Research Symposium (Hokkaido-Finland Days: A Bridge for Northern Cooperation). Monday, 31 October, 2011. Hokkaido University Conference Hall.
Abstract: Species richness of willow species and galling sawflies living on them were examined in latitudinal and altitudinal gradients in six Japanese river systems from Hokkaido to southern Honshu. Mortality factors of gallers including plant based mortality, parasitoids and inquilines during larval development were studied by dissecting sampled galls under a microscope. The association between environmental factors, mortality factors and local diversity of galling sawflies and their willow hosts were studied. Species richness of sawfly gallers and their host plants decreased towards the south. Species richness of gallers was lower in the delta area at lower altitudes than at higher altitudes. Different mortality factors, plant based mortality, parasitoids or inquilines, showed no significant trends with latitude or altitude. Although some parasitoids showed a weak correlation with latitude and altitude, but overall survival of larvae was not correlated with latitude or altitude. Among sawfly gall types, Pontania proxima-type was distinct by having high plant-based mortality. The observed pattern of increasing diversity with increasing latitude is opposite to that in many other animals and plants. This pattern is unlikely explained by larval survival different mortality factors since they showed no difference in latitudinal or altitudinal gradient. A possible explanation of the pattern may be the decreasing host plant richness with other host related factors, like increased habitat fragmentation and decreased abundance of host plants towards the south. In addition, leaf flush of host plants and egg laying of galling sawflies might be better synchronized in north with high seasonal but predictable resource availability. I will also present future direction for biodiversity studies.
Description: Session 2.1: Biodiversity and Environmental Protection in the North
Conference Name: Northern Environmental Research Symposium
Conference Place: Sapporo
Type: conference presentation
Appears in Collections:北海道大学サステナビリティ・ウィーク2011 (Sustainability Weeks 2011) > 北方圏の環境研究に関するシンポジウム (Northern Environmental Research Symposium : Hokkaido-Finland Days: A Bridge for Northern Cooperation)

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