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LIL3, a light-harvesting-like protein, plays an essential role in chlorophyll and tocopherol biosynthesis

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Title: LIL3, a light-harvesting-like protein, plays an essential role in chlorophyll and tocopherol biosynthesis
Authors: Tanaka, Ryouichi Browse this author →KAKEN DB
Rothbart, Maxi Browse this author
Oka, Seiko Browse this author
Takabayashi, Atsushi Browse this author
Takahashi, Kaori Browse this author
Shibata, Masaru Browse this author
Myouga, Fumiyoshi Browse this author
Motohashi, Reiko Browse this author
Shinozaki, Kazuo Browse this author
Grimm, Bernhard Browse this author
Tanaka, Ayumi Browse this author
Keywords: Arabidopsis
geranylgeranyl reductase
Issue Date: 21-Sep-2010
Publisher: National Academy of Sciences
Journal Title: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
Volume: 107
Issue: 38
Start Page: 16721
End Page: 16725
Publisher DOI: 10.1073/pnas.1004699107
Abstract: The light-harvesting chlorophyll binding (LHC) proteins are major constituents of the eukaryotic photosynthetic machinery. In plants, six different groups of proteins, LHC-like proteins, share a conserved motif with LHC. Although the evolution of LHC and LHC-like proteins is proposed to be a key for the diversification of modern photosynthetic eukaryotes, our knowledge on the evolution and functions of LHC-like proteins are still limited. In this study, we aimed to specifically understand the function of one type of LHC-like proteins, LIL3 proteins, by analyzing Arabidopsis mutants lacking these proteins. The Arabidopsis genome contains two gene copies for LIL3, LIL3:1 and LIL3:2. In the lil3:1/lil3:2 double mutant the majority of chlorophyll molecules is conjugated with an unsaturated geranylgeraniol side chain. This mutant is also deficient in α-tocopherol. These results indicate that reduction of both the geranylgeranyl side chain of chlorophyll and geranylgeranyl pyrophosphate, which is also an essential intermediate of tocopherol biosynthesis, is compromised in the lil3 mutants. We found that the content of geranylgeranyl reductase responsible for these reactions was severely reduced in the lil3 double mutant, while the mRNA level for this enzyme was not significantly changed. We demonstrated an interaction of geranylgeranyl reductase with both LIL3 isoforms by using a split ubiquitin assay, bimolecular fluorescence complementation, and combined blue-native and SDS polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis. Collectively, we propose that LIL3 is functionally involved in chlorophyll and tocopherol biosynthesis by stabilizing geranylgeranyl reductase.
Type: article (author version)
Appears in Collections:低温科学研究所 (Institute of Low Temperature Science) > 雑誌発表論文等 (Peer-reviewed Journal Articles, etc)

Submitter: 田中 亮一

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