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Social Anxiety/Taijin-Kyofu Scale (SATS): Development and Psychometric Evaluation of a New Instrument

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Title: Social Anxiety/Taijin-Kyofu Scale (SATS): Development and Psychometric Evaluation of a New Instrument
Authors: Asakura, Satoshi Browse this author
Inoue, Takeshi Browse this author
Kitagawa, Nobuki Browse this author
Hasegawa, Mifumi Browse this author
Fujii, Yutaka Browse this author
Kako, Yuki Browse this author
Nakato, Yasuya Browse this author
Hashimoto, Naoki Browse this author
Ito, Koki Browse this author
Tanaka, Teruaki Browse this author
Nakagawa, Shin Browse this author
Kusumi, Ichiro Browse this author
Koyama, Tsukasa Browse this author
Keywords: Body dysmorphic disorder
Rating scale
Social anxiety
Issue Date: Feb-2012
Publisher: Karger
Journal Title: Psychopathology
Volume: 45
Issue: 2
Start Page: 96
End Page: 101
Publisher DOI: 10.1159/000329741
PMID: 22269587
Abstract: Background: Taijin-kyofu (TK), especially the 'convinced' subtype of TK (c-TK; also known as the offensive subtype of TK), is described as a Japanese culture-bound syndrome similar to social anxiety disorder (SAD). Recently, in Western countries, the symptoms of c-TK have been investigated in patients with SAD. We developed the Social Anxiety/Taijin-Kyofu Scale (SATS), a 12-item, structured, clinician-rated instrument designed to rate the severity of TK symptoms, and examined its reliability and validity. Methods:The SATS was administered to fifteen patients with c-TK diagnosed using the traditional Japanese TK criteria. Interviews used to score patients' symptoms were recorded on videotape. Additionally, the Clinical Global Impression-Severity Scale (CGI-S) was administered to assess convergent validity. Interrater reliability was assessed on 15 videotaped interviews; the interviews were independently rated by ten other raters. Test-retest reliability was assessed on 15 videotaped interviews by the same rater at an interval of more than four weeks. Results: The SATS had high internal consistency (Cronbach's α = 0.97) and good interrater reliability (ICC = 0.88~0.93) and test-retest reliability (ICC = 0.94~0.99). The SATS total score correlated with the CGI-S scores (r = 0.77, p < 0.0001). Conclusion: The SATS appears to be a reliable and valid measure of the symptoms of TK.
Rights: © 2012 S. Karger AG, Basel
Type: article (author version)
Appears in Collections:医学院・医学研究院 (Graduate School of Medicine / Faculty of Medicine) > 雑誌発表論文等 (Peer-reviewed Journal Articles, etc)

Submitter: 朝倉 聡

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