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Elucidation of the local structure of active titanium(iv) sites on silica-based phase-boundary catalysts for alkene epoxidation with aqueous hydrogen peroxide

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Title: Elucidation of the local structure of active titanium(iv) sites on silica-based phase-boundary catalysts for alkene epoxidation with aqueous hydrogen peroxide
Authors: Ikeue, Keita Browse this author
Ikeda, Shigeru Browse this author →KAKEN DB
Watanabe, Atsushi Browse this author
Ohtani, Bunsho Browse this author →KAKEN DB
Issue Date: 2004
Publisher: Royal Society of Chemistry
Journal Title: Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics
Volume: 6
Issue: 9
Start Page: 2523
End Page: 2528
Publisher DOI: 10.1039/b316818b
Abstract: Structural and functional aspects of active titanium sites for phase boundary catalytic (PBC) epoxidation of 1-octene with hydrogen peroxide (H2O2) were investigated in detail using X-ray absorption fine structure (XAFS) analysis and ultraviolet and visible-light diffuse reflectance (UV-Vis-DR) spectroscopy. By analysis of the Ti K-edge X-ray absorption near edge fine structure (XANES) spectra of several titanium-loaded silica catalysts, the ratio of the amount of 4-coordinated titanium oxide (Ttet) to that of a 6-coordinated one (Toct) was determined. Monotonic increments of catalytic activity for epoxide production and efficiency of H2O2 utilization with the ratio Ttet/(Ttet + Toct) revealed that the highly active catalysts mainly include Ttet but not Toct. UV-Vis-DR spectra of samples with external surfaces partially covered with alkylsilyl groups indicated that there are at least two kinds of Ttet sites with different ligands. One site anchors an acidic hydroxyl (Ttet(OH)), giving absorption centered at the wavelength of ca. 230 nm and the other, exhibiting an absorption peak at the wavelength of ca. 210 nm, is directly attached to an alkylsilyl group (Ttet(OSiR)) formed via reaction of an acidic hydroxy of Ttet(OH) with an alkylsilane reagent. Since the catalysts have both an alkylsilyl-grafted hydrophobic surface and a hydroxy-terminated hydrophilic surface, it is postulated that the former is located on both hydrophilic (Ttet(OH,w)) and hydrophobic (Ttet(OH,o)) surfaces and the latter, Ttet(OSiR), exists only on the hydrophobic surface. From analyses of catalytic activities of several catalysts with different distributions of these Ttet sites, both Ttet(OH,o) and Ttet(OSiR) sites on the hydrophobic surface were proved to be active, while Ttet(OH,w) on the hydrophilic surface did not work for the present PBC system. Among the sites on the hydrophobic surface, moreover, it was found that a Ttet(OSiR) site acted as a more effective site for selective epoxidation when compared with Ttet(OH,o), which induced ring-opening of epoxide to give a by-product, 1,2-octanediol.
Rights: Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys., 2004, 6, 2523-2528 - Reproduced by permission of the PCCP Owner Societies
Type: article (author version)
Appears in Collections:触媒科学研究所 (Institute for Catalysis) > 雑誌発表論文等 (Peer-reviewed Journal Articles, etc)

Submitter: 大谷 文章

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