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Title: 積雪底面融解量の場所による変化と流域平均量
Other Titles: Spatial Variation and Watershed Average of Snowpack Bottom Melting Rate
Authors: 石井, 吉之1 Browse this author
佐藤, 大輔2 Browse this author
Authors(alt): Ishii, Yoshiyuki1
Sato, Daisuke2
Issue Date: 19-Mar-2012
Publisher: 北海道大学大学院理学研究院自然史科学部門(地球物理学)
Journal Title: 北海道大学地球物理学研究報告
Journal Title(alt): Geophysical bulletin of Hokkaido University
Volume: 75
Start Page: 59
End Page: 71
Abstract: In regions covered with a thick layer of snow, snow melting occurs at the snow-ground interface during the winter, a process we call snowpack bottom melting (SBM). To examine the spatial variation of the SBM rate and to estimate its watershed average value, field observations were made in a nival mountainous watershed in northern Hokkaido, Japan. Three different methods were adopted to determine the SBM rate, namely, heat flow calculation, snow lysimeter, and snow pit-wall observation methods, and we found the heat flow calculation method to be the most reliable among the three methods. SBM rates were measured using the heat flow calculation method at 7 sites in the watershed, where each site was selected by considering the slope or flatness, whether it was south- or north-facing, the vegetation, and the elevation. The SBM rate on the south-facing slope was larger than that on north-facing slope, and it was smallest in the forested site. Spatial differences in the SBR rate did not depend on the snowpack condition, but on the ground condition, especially on the gradient of soil temperature near the ground surface. Winter streamflow recession analysis taking into account a steady SBM input showed that 20 % to 30 % of SBM was supplied to the groundwater reservoir and contributed to winter streamflow.
Type: bulletin (article)
Appears in Collections:北海道大学地球物理学研究報告 = Geophysical bulletin of Hokkaido University > 第75号

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