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The relationship between exposure to microbial volatile organic compound and allergy prevalence in single-family homes.

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タイトル: The relationship between exposure to microbial volatile organic compound and allergy prevalence in single-family homes.
著者: Araki, Atsuko 著作を一覧する
Kanazawa, Ayako 著作を一覧する
Kawai, Toshio 著作を一覧する
Eitaki, Yoko 著作を一覧する
Morimoto, Kanehisa 著作を一覧する
Nakayama, Kunio 著作を一覧する
Shibata, Eiji 著作を一覧する
Tanaka, Masatoshi 著作を一覧する
Takigawa, Tomoko 著作を一覧する
Yoshimura, Takesumi 著作を一覧する
Chikara, Hisao 著作を一覧する
Saijo, Yasuaki 著作を一覧する
Kishi, Reiko 著作を一覧する
キーワード: Microbial volatile organic compounds (MVOCs)
Home environment
発行日: 2012年 4月15日
出版者: Elsevier
誌名: The Science of the total environment
巻: 423
開始ページ: 18
終了ページ: 26
出版社 DOI: 10.1016/j.scitotenv.2012.02.026
抄録: Microbial volatile organic compounds (MVOCs) are a type of VOCs produced by microorganisms. Exposure to 1-octen-3-ol, one of the known MVOCs, has been reported to reduce nasal patency and increase nasal lavage myeloperoxidase, eosinophil cationic proteins, and lysozymes in both experimental and field studies. We reported in a previous paper that 1-octen-3-ol exposure at home is associated with mucosal symptoms. In this study, our aim was to investigate the relationship between asthma and allergies and MVOC exposure in single-family homes. The subjects were 624 inhabitants of 182 detached houses in six regions of Japan. Air samples were collected using diffusive samplers, and the concentrations of eight selected MVOCs were analyzed using gas chromatography/mass spectrometry in selected-ion-monitoring mode. Each inhabitant of each of the dwellings was given a self-administered questionnaire. Among the 609 subjects who answered all of the questions about allergies, history of the medical treatment for asthma, atopic dermatitis, allergic rhinitis, and allergic conjunctivitis within the preceding two years was 4.8%, 9.9%, 18.2%, and 7.1%, respectively. A significant association between 1-octen-3-ol (per log10 unit) and allergic rhinitis odds ratio (OR): 4.10, 95% confidence interval (CI): 1.71 to 9.80 and conjunctivitis (OR: 3.54, CI: 1.17 to 10.7) was found after adjusting for age, sex, tobacco, wall-to-wall carpeting, signs of dampness, history of treatment for hay fever, and other potentially relevant environmental factors. No relationships were found between any MVOCs and asthma or atopic dermatitis after the adjustment. The levels of MVOCs and airborne fungi were only weakly correlated. These results are consistent with previous studies that have associated higher levels of 1-octen-3-ol exposure with increased irritation of nasal and ocular mucosae. Although the indoor-air concentrations of 1-octen-3-ol found in this study were relatively low, we conclude that exposure to MVOC may be related to rhinitis and conjunctivitis.
資料タイプ: article (author version)
出現コレクション:雑誌発表論文等 (Peer-reviewed Journal Articles, etc)

提供者: 荒木 敦子


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