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The growth of Larix gmelinii seedlings as affected by charcoal produced at two different temperatures

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Title: The growth of Larix gmelinii seedlings as affected by charcoal produced at two different temperatures
Authors: Makoto, Kobayashi Browse this author
Choi, Dongsu Browse this author
Hashidoko, Yasuyuki Browse this author →KAKEN DB
Koike, Takayoshi Browse this author →KAKEN DB
Keywords: Charcoal
Charring temperature
Gmelin larch (Larix gmelinii)
P availability
Forest fire
Issue Date: May-2011
Publisher: Springer Berlin / Heidelberg
Journal Title: Biology and Fertility of Soils
Volume: 47
Issue: 4
Start Page: 467
End Page: 472
Publisher DOI: 10.1007/s00374-010-0518-0
Abstract: Fires burn forest with spatially heterogeneous intensity and charcoals generated at various temperatures during fires exhibit variable physical and chemical characteristics. These variable properties of charcoal may, in turn, influence germination and growth of tree seedlings. To examine the effects of different charcoal properties on the growth of Gmelin larch (Larix gmelinii) seedlings, we conducted an experiment with larch-branch-derived charcoals produced at 400℃ (LOW charcoal) and 800℃ (HIGH charcoal), within charcoal combined with sand in three different rates (5%, 20% and 50%, v/v charcoal in sand). While the LOW charcoal application stimulated growth and the effect increased with the rate of mixture, the HIGH charcoal did not significantly influence at any contents in the pots. The LOW charcoal application resulted in the greater available P content, a lower N:P in needles and the greater growth of seedlings than HIGH charcoal application. In contrast, the growth of seedlings was not affected by the application of the HIGH charcoal at any content probably because the HIGH charcoal inhibited the seedling growth due to its high pH. These results indicate that charcoal produced at different temperatures during forest fires can affect the growth of Gmelin larch seedlings differently in the Russian Far East.
Rights: The original publication is available at www.springerlink.com
Type: article (author version)
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/2115/49107
Appears in Collections:農学院・農学研究院 (Graduate School of Agriculture / Faculty of Agriculture) > 雑誌発表論文等 (Peer-reviewed Journal Articles, etc)

Submitter: 小池 孝良

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