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Nitrous oxide emission derived from soil organic matter decomposition from tropical agricultural peat soil in central Kalimantan, Indonesia

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Title: Nitrous oxide emission derived from soil organic matter decomposition from tropical agricultural peat soil in central Kalimantan, Indonesia
Authors: Toma, Yo Browse this author
Takakai, Fumiaki Browse this author
Darung, Untung Browse this author
Kuramochi, Kanta Browse this author →KAKEN DB
Limin, Suwido H. Browse this author
Dohong, Salampak Browse this author
Hatano, Ryusuke Browse this author →KAKEN DB
Keywords: tropical peatland
organic matter decomposition
nitrous oxide
carbon dioxide
denitrification
Issue Date: 26-Jul-2011
Publisher: Taylor & Francis
Journal Title: Soil Science and Plant Nutrition
Volume: 57
Issue: 3
Start Page: 436
End Page: 451
Publisher DOI: 10.1080/00380768.2011.587203
Abstract: Our previous research showed large amounts of nitrous oxide (N2O) emission (>200 kg N ha^[-1] yr^[-1]) from agricultural peat soil. In this study, we investigated the factors influencing relatively large N2O fluxes and the source of nitrogen (N) substrate for N2O in a tropical peatland in central Kalimantan, Indonesia. Using a static chamber method, N2O and carbon dioxide (CO2) fluxes were measured in three conventionally cultivated croplands (conventional), an unplanted and unfertilized bare treatment (bare) in each cropland, and unfertilized grassland over a 3-year period. Based on the difference in N2O emission from two treatments, contribution of the N source for N2O was calculated. Nitrous oxide concentrations at five depths (5-80 cm) were also measured for calculating net N2O production in soil. Annual N fertilizer application rates in the croplands ranged from 472 to 1,607 kg N ha^[-1] yr^[-1]. There were no significant differences in between N2O fluxes in the two treatments at each site. Annual N2O emission in conventional and bare treatments varied from 10.9 to 698 and 6.55 to 858 kg N ha^[-1] year^[-1], respectively. However, there was also no significant difference between annual N2O emissions in the two treatments at each site. This suggests most of the emitted N2O was derived from the decomposition of peat. There were significant positive correlations between N2O and CO2 fluxes in bare treatment in two croplands where N2O flux was higher than at another cropland. Nitrous oxide concentration distribution in soil measured in the conventional treatment showed that N2O was mainly produced in the surface soil down to 15 cm in the soil. The logarithmic value of the ratio of N2O flux and nitrate concentration was positively correlated with water filled pore space. These results suggest that large N2O emission in agricultural tropical peatland was caused by denitrification with high decomposition of peat. In addition, N2O was mainly produced by denitrification at high range of WFPS in surface soil.
Rights: This is an electronic version of an article published in Soil Science and Plant Nutrition, 57(3), 2011, pp. 436-451. Soil Science and Plant Nutrition is available online at: http://www.informaworld.com/openurl?genre=article&issn=0038-0768&volume=57&issue=3&spage=436
Relation: http://www.informaworld.com/openurl?genre=article&issn=0038-0768&volume=57&issue=3&spage=436
Type: article (author version)
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/2115/49648
Appears in Collections:農学院・農学研究院 (Graduate School of Agriculture / Faculty of Agriculture) > 雑誌発表論文等 (Peer-reviewed Journal Articles, etc)

Submitter: 波多野 隆介

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