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Genotyping Cephalosporium gramineum and development of a marker for molecular diagnosis

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Title: Genotyping Cephalosporium gramineum and development of a marker for molecular diagnosis
Authors: Baaj, D. Wafai Browse this author
Kondo, N. Browse this author →KAKEN DB
Keywords: Cephalosporium stripe of wheat
species-specific primers
Triticum aestivum
Cephalosporium gramineum
Cephalosporium stripe
molecular marker
Issue Date: Aug-2011
Publisher: Wiley-Blackwell
Journal Title: Plant Pathology
Volume: 60
Issue: 4
Start Page: 730
End Page: 738
Publisher DOI: 10.1111/j.1365-3059.2011.02429.x
Abstract: Cephalosporium gramineum is the causal fungus of Cephalosporium stripe disease of wheat. The disease has been known since the 1930s, mostly from Japan, the United Kingdom and the northern winter wheat belt of North America. However, the population genetic structure of the causal fungus is not clear. We investigated the genetic variation of 40 isolates of C. gramineum, based on variations in internal transcribed spacers (ITS) and intergenic spacers (IGS) of rDNA. Of the isolates, 29 were from Japan and the rest from the United States and Europe. The ITS region was about 600 bp and almost identical among these isolates. In the IGS region (~5 kbp), restriction fragment length polymorphism analysis detected four genotypes among the 40 isolates. One representative isolate was selected from each of the four genotypes, and the IGS region was sequenced. Attempts to design a genotype-specific marker based on the size of PCR products amplified with selected primers failed to differentiate among the four genotypes. Alternatively, we developed a species-specific primer set (CGIGS1 and CGIGS2) that annealed within the conserved region, producing a DNA fragment of about 1.8 kbp. Our tests of this primer set on a wide range of other fungi from 11 genera confirmed that it was specific to C. gramineum. This primer set could serve as an effective tool in the molecular diagnosis of C. gramineum and has the potential to assist in a better understanding the host-pathogen interaction.
Rights: The definitive version is available at
Type: article (author version)
Appears in Collections:農学院・農学研究院 (Graduate School of Agriculture / Faculty of Agriculture) > 雑誌発表論文等 (Peer-reviewed Journal Articles, etc)

Submitter: 近藤 則夫

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