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Effect of liquid whey feeding on fecal microbiota of mature and growing pigs

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Title: Effect of liquid whey feeding on fecal microbiota of mature and growing pigs
Authors: Kobayashi, Yasuo Browse this author →KAKEN DB
Itoh, Aya Browse this author
Miyawaki, Kanae Browse this author
Koike, Satoshi Browse this author →KAKEN DB
Iwabuchi, Osamu Browse this author
Iimura, Yuji Browse this author
Kobashi, Yuri Browse this author
Kawashima, Tomoyuki Browse this author
Wakamatsu, Junichi Browse this author
Hattori, Akihito Browse this author →KAKEN DB
Murakami, Hiroshi Browse this author
Morimatsu, Fumiki Browse this author
Nakaebisu, Takashi Browse this author
Hishinuma, Takeshi Browse this author
Keywords: 16S rRNA gene
fermentation
hindgut bacteria
liquid whey
pig
Issue Date: Aug-2011
Publisher: Blackwell Publishing
Journal Title: Animal Science Journal
Volume: 82
Issue: 4
Start Page: 607
End Page: 615
Publisher DOI: 10.1111/j.1740-0929.2011.00876.x
PMID: 21794022
Abstract: The effect of liquid whey feeding on fecal bacteria and their metabolites was assessed in five pregnant sows and 66 growing pigs. Sows were fed a control diet for 4 weeks (control period) followed by the same diet but with whey feeding (5 L/day/pig) for 4 weeks (whey period). One group of growing pigs was given 267 L of whey per pig (whey group), while the other group was not (control group). In both cases, liquid whey was given separately from control diet. Sows in the whey period had feces showing lower pH, lower ammonia concentration, and larger population sizes of total bacteria, lactobacilli, and bifidobacteria. The bacterial gene library analysis indicated that Mitsuokella and Megasphaera were more frequently detected, while Clostridium disporicum were detected less frequently in the whey period. Feces from whey-fed growing pigs showed lower pH than that from control pigs in the early stage of growing. Also, larger populations of total bacteria, lactobacilli, and bifidobacteria were recorded in the whey group. From the analysis of bacterial gene library, the detection frequency of Lactobacillus reuteri tended to be higher in the whey group. These results indicate that whey feeding influences the hindgut microbiota of pigs, possibly leading to a fermentation shift that is favorable for animal health.
Rights: The definitive version is available at wileyonlinelibrary.com
Type: article (author version)
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/2115/49681
Appears in Collections:農学院・農学研究院 (Graduate School of Agriculture / Faculty of Agriculture) > 雑誌発表論文等 (Peer-reviewed Journal Articles, etc)

Submitter: 小林 泰男

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