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Heat-stability and primary structure of the major alginate lyase isozyme LbAly35 from Littorina brevicula

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Title: Heat-stability and primary structure of the major alginate lyase isozyme LbAly35 from Littorina brevicula
Authors: Wang, Ling Browse this author
Rahman, Mohammad Matiur Browse this author
Inoue, Akira Browse this author →KAKEN DB
Ojima, Takao Browse this author →KAKEN DB
Keywords: Alginate lyase
LbAly35
Littorina brevicula
Amino-acid sequence
cDNA cloning
Issue Date: Jul-2012
Publisher: Springer Japan
Journal Title: Fisheries Science
Volume: 78
Issue: 4
Start Page: 889
End Page: 896
Publisher DOI: 10.1007/s12562-012-0517-1
Abstract: Previously we isolated the major alginate lyase isozyme LbAly35 from a marine snail Littorina brevicula and showed that this enzyme was significantly heat-stable in a broad pH range compared with other molluscan alginate lyases (Hata et al., Fish Sci. (2009) 75:755-763). LbAly35 showed practically no similarity to other molluscan alginate lyases in the N-terminal amino-acid sequence of 20 residues and no cross-reactivity with anti-abalone alginate lyase antiserum. These led us to consider that the primary structure of LbAly35 is considerably deviated from other molluscan enzymes. Thus, in the present study, we first compared the thermal stability of LbAly35 with an abalone alginate lyase, HdAly, and found that the first order inactivation rate constants for LbAly35 at 40℃ and 45℃ were 1/20 and 1/45 of those for HdAly, respectively. Then, we cloned cDNAs encoding LbAly35 and characterized its deduced amino-acid sequence comparing with those of other molluscan alginate lyases. The cDNAs were amplified by PCR and 5'- and 3'-RACE PCRs from the L. brevicula hepatopancreas cDNA using degenerated primers synthesized on the basis of partial amino-acid sequences of LbAly35. The cDNA covering entire translational region of LbAly35 comprised 1,093 bp and encoded an amino-acid sequence of 296 residues. The amino-acid sequence consisted of an initiation methionine, a putative signal peptide for secretion (22 residues), a propeptide-like region (10 residues), and a mature LbAly35 domain of 263 residues. Although the N-terminal region of LbAly35 was significantly deviated from those of other molluscan alginate lyases, the catalytic domain of LbAly35 showed ~45% identity to other molluscan enzymes which had been classified under polysaccharide-lyase-family-14 (PL-14). In addition, the amino-acid residues crucially important for the catalytic actions of PL-14 enzymes were also conserved in LbAly35. Accordingly, LbAly35 was regarded as a member of PL-14 as other molluscan alginate lyases despite of the significant deviation of its N-terminal region.
Rights: © 2012 公益社団法人日本水産学会
The final publication is available at www.springerlink.com
© 2012 The Japanese Society of Fisheries Science
Type: article (author version)
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/2115/49737
Appears in Collections:水産科学院・水産科学研究院 (Graduate School of Fisheries Sciences / Faculty of Fisheries Sciences) > 雑誌発表論文等 (Peer-reviewed Journal Articles, etc)

Submitter: 尾島 孝男

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