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Does the Human Dorsal Stream Really Process a Category for Tools?

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Title: Does the Human Dorsal Stream Really Process a Category for Tools?
Authors: Sakuraba, Satoshi Browse this author
Sakai, Shinya Browse this author →KAKEN DB
Yamanaka, Masanori Browse this author →KAKEN DB
Yokosawa, Koichi Browse this author →KAKEN DB
Hirayama, Kazumi Browse this author
Issue Date: 14-Mar-2012
Publisher: Society for Neuroscience
Journal Title: Journal of Neuroscience
Volume: 32
Issue: 11
Start Page: 3949
End Page: 3953
Publisher DOI: 10.1523/JNEUROSCI.3973-11.2012
PMID: 22423115
Abstract: Previously, Almeida et al. (2008) used a technique called Continuous Flash Suppression to show that human dorsal stream cortical areas specifically responded to a "tool category." Here, we used the same technique to clarify what attributes of tools are processed in the dorsal stream. We examined surface attributes and shape. A significant priming effect was found when we removed surface attributes by using line drawings instead of photographs. In a second experiment, we manipulated shape and we found that there were no significant priming effects when we used nonelongated tool pictures as tool prime stimuli. To better clarify the effect of shape attributes on priming effects, we conducted a further experiment using elongated stick-like rectangles as prime stimuli and found that elongated shapes significantly shortened the reaction time to the tool pictures as target stimuli. Additionally, when elongated vegetables were used as prime stimuli, the reaction time to the tool pictures as target stimuli was also significantly shortened, but there was no effect when stubby vegetables were used. Finally, when we controlled for orientation by presenting rotated elongated stick-like rectangles, diamond shapes, and cut circles as prime stimuli, we found that rectangles replicated the same significant priming effect as previous experiments, but the others did not. These results suggest that the dorsal stream processes elongated shapes but does not process the tool category specifically.
Type: article
Appears in Collections:保健科学院・保健科学研究院 (Graduate School of Health Sciences / Faculty of Health Sciences) > 雑誌発表論文等 (Peer-reviewed Journal Articles, etc)

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